World 世界情勢等 Vol.9

All the below links are in English.

取り急ぎ以下(内容事項一部抜粋ご参考まで)貼っておきます。

World Vol.69 (economics/economy) HymanMinsky,MinskyMoment Ponzi InstabilityHypothesis HerbertStein DirkBezemer ModernMonetaryTheory,MMT PostKeynesian MarcLavoie JanHatzius TiagoMata JonathanSchlefer
World Vol.68 (economics/economy, etc.) MiltonFriedman MartinWolf StephenKinsella GennaroZezza UBI EricBeinhocker bloomberg
World Vol.67 (Modern Monetary Theory #MMT, etc.) HymanMinsky,MinskyMoment ScottSumner WilliamMitchell RandallWray MartinWatts WarrenMosler PaulMcCulley ScottFullwiler WynneGodley StephanieKelton
World Vol.66 ClimateAction EconomicMeltdown IanGoldin broadband,digitization WorldEconomy Gazprom Shopify,Cargojet Russia vaccine CountryMusic MostAnticipatedBooks BestFantasyBooks MustReadBooks fireworks BarronPublicAffairs-list
World Vol.65 (Coronavirus, etc.) Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine,vaccines UK Beethoven EuropeanUnion megabanks China,WELT TradeAndCooperationAgreement ClothMasks,PPE OysterShells,PPE TN,CA
World Vol.64 (U.K., U.S., etc.) BorisJohnson UrsulaVonDerLeyen TonyBlair GavinNewsom relief CARESact CA,PA
World Vol.63 (U.S., etc.) cybersecurity ConfederateFlags UK Canada Cuomo Amazon BarackObama,FavotiteMusic OutlawOceanP OH,NY
World Vol.62 (U.S., Australia, Canada, France, Spain, Sweden, etc.) EmmanuelMacron KingOfSweden CanadianComics barley,China,WTO,LoseLose Palestinian NY,NC,VA,SC
World Vol.61 (U.S., etc.) BehavioralScience cybersecurity FreeWorld AI military FederalDebt ElectoralCollege UrbanRuralDivide China vaccine ImmigrationSystem HospitalMonopolies monolith RentersRights Floodlines-podcast
World Vol.60 (U.S., finance, etc.) ForeignPolicy FinancialPolicy,MonetaryPolicy Oracle LegalChallenge,SCOTUS AG Cuomo Olympia,WA 1949polio UW NorthernLights GA,TX,WI,MI

Canada カナダ Vol.9

Almost all the below tweets/links are in English.

最近の日加公館等ツイートと、2019年総選挙・少数単独政権発足からコロナ禍までの投稿をまとめて、取り急ぎ以下貼っておきます。

Canada Vol.32 (public policy)
Canada Vol.31 (Québec – cities, province)
Canada Vol.30 (Ontario – cities, regions, province)
Canada Vol.29 (think tanks, universities)
Canada Vol.28 (universities)
Canada Vol.27 (newspapers, TV, etc. – public policy & federal election 2019)
Canada Vol.26 (universities & think tanks – public policy & election 2019)

https://twitter.com/invest_canada/status/1336402554075418625


https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1341631979897446401


https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1339838219983212544
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1339401151440171008
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1338728869373861888
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1337203855176634370
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1336903405860687872
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1336896823848542209


https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1333589775866077187


https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1331053883708366848
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1329562775904014337
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1328502235786063872
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1328127958305935360
https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1327136803346927616


https://twitter.com/CanEmbJapan/status/1323530612561584131


https://twitter.com/IanBurneyJapan/status/1339787674333396992


https://twitter.com/IanBurneyJapan/status/1324633782432006145


https://twitter.com/TXTChartData/status/1343544707884998656


https://twitter.com/AmbKawamura/status/1335988387304632322


https://twitter.com/JapaninCanada/status/1339616573238210560

Cyber Security etc. サイバーセキュリティ等 Vol.6

All the below tweets are in English.

取り急ぎ標記につき以下貼っておきます。

https://twitter.com/cybercentre_ca/status/1343587737060913154

https://twitter.com/Cybersec_EU/status/1339153321584680960


https://twitter.com/IASME1/status/1336325096885997571


https://twitter.com/Cyberchallenge/status/1323578481230422017


https://twitter.com/GCHQ/status/1343215312762761218
https://twitter.com/CHCyberPolicy/status/1324665041296281602


https://twitter.com/USCERT_gov/status/1339618633383899136


https://twitter.com/CorelliumHQ/status/1343192287015276550


https://twitter.com/DeptofDefense/status/1336005285517803520

#Coronavirus #コロナウイルス Vol.20(vaccines ワクチン) / U.S.A. アメリカ Vol.130(Massachusetts マサチューセッツ州 Vol.4 / New York ニューヨーク州 Vol.5: pharmaceutical corporations 製薬会社 – Moderna モデルナ社、Pfizer ファイザー社)

All the below links, excerpts, and tweets are in English.

cf. #Coronavirus #コロナウイルス Vol.19(vaccines ワクチン) / U.S.A. アメリカ Vol.129(New York ニューヨーク州 Vol.4 / Massachusetts マサチューセッツ州 Vol.3: pharmaceutical corporations 製薬会社 – Pfizer ファイザー社、Moderna モデルナ社)

昨日に引き続き取り急ぎ以下貼っておきます。

Multidose COVID-19 vaccines will test state tracking systems: People have to get two shots of the same type of vaccine (12/04/2020) | @verge
… Both take two doses, given a few weeks apart, and both could be circulating at the same time. And that’s just the two front-runners. Other multidose vaccines are still in the development pipeline.
There are a few ways states, doctors, and patients could keep the dosages straight, says Claire Hannan, executive director of the Association of Immunization Managers. In the simplest solution, everyone who gets a COVID-19 vaccine will also get a card that tells them which vaccine they had and when their next dose should be. But that’s the last line of defense in a complex vaccine tracking system. “As the backup to the backup to the backup, they’ll hand out cards,” Hannan says.
Ideally, the cards won’t be necessary because patients and doctors will be able to rely on electronic records and digital registry systems to keep track of who got which vaccine and when they got it. Through the pandemic, states have struggled with digital systems for other key areas, like COVID-19 testing – sometimes relying on fax machines and incomplete, handwritten forms to send information from testing sites to local health departments. But Hannan says the US immunization data collection systems at the state level are prepared to manage the expected crush of information from an unprecedented mass vaccination campaign like the one the country is about to start. Most tools were in place even before the pandemic hit. …
Big health systems with robust electronic health record management will likely have an easier time with this process than smaller clinics, says Howard Forman, a professor of public health, management, and economics at Yale University. “They’re used to keeping track of whether patients have had their followup appointments…
… Each state has its own Immunization Information System (IIS), a centralized registry that keeps track of every vaccine each person vaccinated in that state has received. Vaccination clinic software and electronic health records systems feed into those registries, which help doctors keep track of the vaccination records for individual patients, and also give each state big-picture data on vaccination rates in individual communities.
A state-level IIS can also notify doctors and patients when people are due for a second dose of a vaccine. They already use them to keep track of doses for the meningitis B vaccine…
The systems in place to track vaccinations today are much more advanced than they were in 2009, when the country struggled to distribute and track the H1N1 flu vaccine (which was only one shot), and electronic health records were rare. Only some states used their IIS programs. Many states had to rely on SurveyMonkey to connect with health care providers about vaccine delivery…

Moderna reaffirms 20M vaccine dose goal for December (12/04/2020) | @BosBizJournal
… The biotech has enlisted Italian firm Lonza to ramp up production to 500 million to one billion doses of the vaccine annually and Catalent Inc. to make all of the labels, seals and glass vials. Local life sciences unicorn Ginkgo Bioworks has also been helping Moderna optimize its production of raw materials for the drug.
Moderna has additionally hired another 150 employees to produce the vaccine out of its Norwood manufacturing facility. …

Moderna says its vaccine candidate has ‘potential’ to confer longer-term immunity (12/03/2020) | @MarketWatch
…National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases…
The company said it remained confident it will have 20 million doses of the vaccine candidate available in the U.S. by the end of the year, and it expects to have between 100 million and 125 million doses available globally in the first quarter of next year.
Of these, between 85 million and 100 million will be available in the U.S. and between 15 million and 25 million will be available elsewhere…

Moderna’s 3-month data raise hopes for COVID-19 vaccine durability (12/04/2020) | @FierceBiotech
… Moderna shared details of the NEJM letter alongside an update on its effort to scale up production. …
Moderna Provides Updates on the Clinical Development and Production of Its COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate (12/03/2020) | @moderna_tx
… “mRNA-1273 produced high levels of binding and neutralizing antibodies that declined slightly over time, as expected, but they remained elevated in all participants three months after the booster vaccination.”…
Durability of Responses after SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-1273 Vaccination (12/03/2020) | @NEJM

What it feels like to get Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine: “It’s not pleasant, but it’s definitely worth the risk of developing these side effects to make sure we can find an end to this pandemic.” (12/03/2020) | @BostonDotCom
Saginaw doctor who took part in Moderna vaccine trial seeks to reassure public (12/04/2020) | @MLive
Moderna Says COVID Vaccine Could Create Immunity For At Least Three Months (w Video; 12/04/2020) | @wbz
New data shows people who got Moderna vaccine still had antibodies 3 months later: The data came from a small number of phase 1 participants. (04/12/2020) | @ABCNews
Continuing COVID-19 vaccine trials may put some volunteers at unnecessary risk. Is that ethical? (w Video; 12/04/2020) | @USATODAY
No legal grounds for employers to force employees to get vaccinated, say experts (12/04/2020) | @CTVNews

Canada doubles Moderna vaccine order, daily COVID-19 cases could top 10,000 by January (12/04/2020) | @reuters
… Anand also said FedEx Corp and Innomar Strategies, a Canada-based division of AmerisourceBergen, had been contracted by the federal government to provide logistical support on vaccine delivery.

Moderna COVID vaccine best for Nunavut because of storage, shipping: top doctor (12/04/2020) | @CKOMNews
… Moderna’s vaccine is preferred because the Pfizer one requires cold storage and shipping would be too difficult in Nunavut. …

Two vaccines might get emergency approval this month. Here’s what you need to know (12/01/2020) | @latimes
What about those second doses?
The CDC’s vaccine tracking system will monitor who gets a first dose and will coordinate with Pfizer and Moderna on the shipment of the second doses. This means medical centers can administer all the doses they initially receive without having to hold onto half for the second shot.
How long before I can drive to my local pharmacy and get a vaccine?
If you’re healthy and a nonessential worker, you will have to wait. Most experts feel that the immunization effort in the United States will be in high gear by late spring and early summer of 2021…

Moderna to submit Covid-19 vaccine to FDA as full results show 94% efficacy (11/30/2020) | @statnews
… Moderna said that safety data is being reviewed continuously, but that there are no new serious safety concerns. The most common adverse events included site pain, fatigue, muscle or bone pain, headaches, and redness at the injection site. The reactions were more serious in the vaccine group after patients received a second dose. The results Pfizer and BioNTech released 12 days ago for their vaccine are roughly similar. …
… Each strand of synthetic mRNA is designed to encode for a protein found on the surface of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19. Those mRNA strands enter the body’s cells and instruct them to produce that protein. The immune system then recognizes it as a foreign invader and produces antibodies that protect against Covid-19 if a person is later exposed to the virus.
The Covid-19 vaccine would be Moderna’s first product approved by the FDA and, assuming Pfizer’s vaccine is approved first, only the second mRNA medicine ever licensed. …

Moderna’s COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate Gets More Good News (w Voice; 11/30/2020) | @NPR
… Both use the same novel technology. Instead of injecting a weakened or dead virus, which is a common strategy for vaccines, these products are essentially small pieces of genetic material. When that’s injected into a person’s arm, it’s picked up by cells in the immune system. The cells read the genetic code and use that to produce a protein that is actually a key fragment of the coronavirus. The body then builds antibodies that latch onto that fragment, so if and when someone encounters the actual coronavirus, the body is primed to fight it off with antibodies. …

World 世界情勢等 Vol.7

All the below links are in English.

取り急ぎ以下貼っておきます。

World Vol.51
World Vol.50
World Vol.49
World Vol.48
World Vol.47
World Vol.46
World Vol.45
World Vol.44
World Vol.43
World Vol.42
World Vol.41

Recent articles about Japan (mainly on new cabinet) 主に新内閣発足についての日本関連英文記事 Vol.1

All the below tweets are in English.

日本関連ツイートを拾うことは通常どおり特にしない予定でしたが、Reuters社を中心に以前よりは数が増えている感触があるので、前回投稿分以降の日付のものを中心にざぁっとですが拾ってみました。3回に分けて投稿します。
While I have not intended to collect news articles mainly on Japan’s new cabinet, I have come to confirm that there are more articles – mainly by Reuters – related to such issues than before as I have thought. That is why I collected roughly and posted here mainly tweets after the last post (Sep 8). This is the first of the three posts this time.

Canada カナダ Vol.8(provinces, economy 地方、経済)

All the below links are in English.

取り急ぎ標記につき以下貼っておきます。

地方(日付の古いものも全て最近アップデート済)
Canada Vol.24 (Yukon) ユーコン準州
Canada Vol.18 (Northwest Territories #NWT) ノースウェスト準州
Canada Vol.12 (Nunavut) ヌナブト準州
Canada Vol.11 (Newfoundland and Labrador) ニューファンドランド・ラブラドール州
Canada Vol.13 (Prince Edward Island) プリンスエドワードアイランド州
Canada Vol.7 (Nova Scotia) ノバスコシア州
Canada Vol.16 (New Brunswick, Canada Day #Canada150) ニューブランズウィック州
Canada Vol.10 (Manitoba) マニトバ州
Canada Vol.1 (Saskatchewan) サスカチュワン州
Canada Vol.9 (British Columbia) ブリティッシュコロンビア州
Canada Vol.8 (Alberta) アルバータ州
Canada Vol.14 (Québec) ケベック州
Canada Vol.15 (Ontario) オンタリオ州

経済など
Canada Vol.25 (economy) 経済
Canada Vol.23 (miscellaneous)
Canada Vol.21 (University of Waterloo, McGill University, University of British Columbia, University of Alberta, etc.) 大学
Canada Vol.20 (University of Toronto) 大学
Canada Vol.6 (Trudeau administration Vol.1) トルドー政権
Canada Vol.2 (Manifesto 2015 of Liberal Party of Canada) 
Canada Vol.5 (Manifesto 2015 of Conservative Party of Canada)
Canada Vol.4 (Manifesto 2015 of New Democratic Party of Canada)
Canada Vol.3 (Manifesto 2015 of Green Party of Canada)

cf.
US Policy Changes Vol.101 (Trade Vol.9: USMCA) / Canada Vol.22
Canada Vol.19 / Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.4

Pinned tweets, etc. 固定ツイート等

アイルランドの政治・行政・企業・地方・大学: 英文脚注15000以上―アイルランド・米国・英国・欧州・日本企業情報を含む Kindle版 中港拓 (著)

#FoodexJapan2019 non-Japanese companies #フーデックスジャパン2019 外国企業(於:幕張メッセ Makuhari Messe)
https://twitter.com/WSjp_insight/status/1115147825342345217
U.K. イギリス Vol.18(北アイルランド Northern Ireland)
U.K. イギリス Vol.19(スコットランド Scotland)
U.K. イギリス Vol.20(ウェールズ Wales)

U.K. イギリス Vol.16(Brexit Vol.13:報道等において正面から触れられていないブレグジット三点 3 points concerning Brexit which have not been confronted in the media etc.)
U.K. Vol.17(Brexit Vol.14: 3 points concerning Brexit which have not been confronted in the media etc. – especially outside the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland)


EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement 日EU経済連携協定(EUJEPA)Vol.2


EUJEPA Vol.3
TPP Vol.4
TPP Vol.5
TPP Vol.6


ツイート:サイバーセキュリティ


SNSは複雑単純あるにしてもどれでも使い続けないと正直よく分からないものであると認識していますが、当方が唯一使い続けているツイッターの良さは
1.設定が全体に自由かつ簡単であり、また、それゆえもあり拡散力に優れてもいる
2.そのため、難しい話を内容とするディスカッション、コンテンツマーケティング、キュレーションに適している。
こういう良さを備えるSNSは、今後も出て来ないように感じます。
そもそも、情報が有り過ぎて困る今の時代には、ある意味キュレーション無くして物事の正確な理解はできません。
この意味では、キュレーション等のためのツイッターも、その存在無くして今の時代を語れないとも言い得ます。
フォロワー数やリツイート数・ライク数よりも、コンテンツの質が重要とも言えます。

https://twitter.com/WSjp_insight/status/1106487409204555776
Honestly, we have understood that it is difficult to understand how to use social network services, if we don’t keep using some specific ones, regardless of being complicated or simple. The strengths of Twitter, which we have kept using as our single tool, would be:
1. in general, we can set it freely and easily, and so forth as well, it is good at spreading stories on the Internet;
2. therefore it is suitable to discussions, content marketing, curation, etc. on difficult topics or contents.
It seems that there will not be such strong services other than Twitter.
Today, when there is too much information, in a sense, it is impossible to accurately understand news without curation.
In this sense, it would be impossible to talk about current era without presense of Twitter, which is suitable to curation, etc.
We can say that the quality of contents is far more important than the numbers of followers, retweets, likes, etc.

ご参考:
1.(無料で使用しているので思うような表示にはなっておりませんが)一応、https://9223.teacup.com/ireland_corps/bbs という(概ね日本語 Mostly in Japanese の)デジタルサイネージ digital signage があります。アイルランド関連・電子書籍関連に可能な限り絞って貼って行こうと考えています。
2.https://www.goodreads.com/world_solutions (in English)
これは引き続き、若干趣味的に試行錯誤の最中です。フィクション作品愛好者が圧倒的に多い、更新後の内容が表れるのが半日くらい後である、などの特徴があると言えそうです。
3.2019年4月16日、書籍Facebookページを公開停止といたしました。今までご覧頂いた等の方々、誠にありがとうございました。引き続き、本ウェブサイトやツイッター等をご覧頂ければ幸甚です。
On April 16, 2019, we stopped publishing the eBook-related Facebook page. Thank you so much for having visited that page, etc. We would be very pleased if you continue visiting this website, Twitter accounts, the Teacup digital signage, etc.

EUJEPA Vol.4 / TPP Vol.7 (チーズ、牛肉、シーフード、ワイン Cheese, Beef, Seafood, Wine)

取り急ぎ標記につき以下貼っておきます。

English
Cheese
Beef
Seafood
Wine

日本語


https://twitter.com/txbiz_ondemand/status/1095975961810526208


https://twitter.com/EmbEspJapon/status/1019149054498910208
https://twitter.com/EUinJapan/status/1062186435736936448


https://twitter.com/franceiine/status/1091127440242442240

cf. Cheese, etc., Top 10 Importers
EUJEPA-TPP cheese top-10-importers

TPP Vol.5

All the below links and excerpts (incl pictures) are in English.

THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES FOR CANADIANS (PDF; 04/2017) | Standing Committee on International Trade, Canada
pp8-11 GOVERNMENT CONSULTATIONS
Consultations Prior to the Conclusion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations
Consultations Since the Conclusion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations
pp11-16 EXPECTED IMPACTS OF THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP ON CANADA
Expected Overall Benefits for Canada of the Trans-Pacific Partnership
Many witnesses representing Canadian businesses said that, among the TPP countries, the most significant market access opportunities for their sectors would be in Japan. In addition, the Cross-Border Institute mentioned that, “[w]hile Japan is now a slow-growing economy, it’s very large, and its potential for trade expansion with Canada is great.” According to it, the reductions in Japan’s import tariffs that would result from implementation of the TPP could reduce Canada’s trade deficit with that country.
… Similarly, the Saskatchewan Trade and Export Partnership claimed that a failure by Canada to ratify the TPP could result in a lost opportunity to obtain preferential market access to countries that might accede to the TPP in the future, such as China, India and Indonesia.
… The Greater Saskatoon Chamber of Commerce said: “Should Canada choose to extricate itself from this agreement, we find ourselves in a position where it will be, over a period of time, more difficult for us to even access … traditional markets, let alone expand the opportunities and the productive capacity of this amazing region.” The Board of Trade of Metropolitan Montreal told the Committee that, “[i]f the U.S. has a competitive advantage … and we have no such advantage, we are affected, as in the case of South Korea when the U.S. signed an agreement with that country. …
Expected Overall Costs for Canada of the Trans-Pacific Partnership
… the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives considered that, because tariffs on Canada’s imports from TPP countries with which it does not yet have an FTA are higher than those on its exports, the TPP would likely increase Canada’s trade deficit with those countries.
… the United Steelworkers stated that the TPP would reduce the wages of Canadian workers “by putting them into competition with poorly paid foreign workers … [working in Canada] and abroad.” Global Affairs Canada provided the Committee with a different perspective, claiming that foreign professionals who would come to Canada as a result of TPP commitments “would have to be paid the prevailing wage in Canada, in that region, for a professional at that level of expertise and experience.”
… a brief submitted to the Committee by the Niagara Regional Labour Council mentioned that “provisions contained within the TPP will lead to thousands of lost jobs, higher levels of unemployment, and stagnating wages, meaning that inequality will continue unabated.”…
In addition, many witnesses believed that the TPP would increase corporate influence on Canadian public policy. … However, Global Affairs Canada provided a different perspective in remarking that provisions in the TPP would reinforce the right of member countries to “regulate in the public interest.”
Modelling the Economic Impacts for Canada of the Trans-Pacific Partnership
… Global Affairs Canada … If Canada were not to participate in the agreement, and the 11 other countries were to implement it, the study projects GDP losses of $5.3 billion by 2040.”
… the Business Council of Canada referred to a study released by the U.S.-based Peterson Institute for International Economics that suggested that the TPP would increase Canada’s national income by $37 billion by 2030. The Canadian Chamber of Commerce commented that economic impact assessments have estimated the economic benefits for Canada of joining the TPP to be between $5 billion and $10 billion annually.
… C.D. Howe Institute, Dan Ciuriak… estimated that the TPP would lead to a “modest”GDP gain for Canada of about 0.07% by 2035, which would generate household income gains of approximately $3 billion.
Tufts University’s Jeronim Capaldo, who is one of Mr. Izurieta’s co-authors … claimed that Global Affairs Canada’s economic impact assessment made an assumption about the level of employment that would occur following the TPP’s entry into force, instead of directly modelling the TPP’s effects on Canadian employment. According to him, Global Affairs Canada’s assumption about full employment is unrealistic …
pp17-19 RATIFICATION OF THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP
The Alberta Beef Producers said that the Government should ratify the TPP quickly in order to “continue momentum towards implementation of the agreement more broadly.”In addition, the National Cattle Feeders’ Association indicated that “the argument can be made that Canada should ratify the TPP before the U.S. in order to make it easier to resist American efforts to extract more concessions from Canada.”
… The Canadian Chamber of Commerce contended that it would be catastrophic for Canada not to ratify the TPP if its NAFTA partners do so.
… the National Cattle Feeders’ Association claimed that, if the United States does not ratify the TPP, Canada should conclude a bilateral agreement with Japan that would “salvage” what it hopedwould be accomplished in the TPP, and that “would put Canadian producers back on an even playing field in the Japanese market with producers from countries which already have FTAs with Japan.”…
pp19-20 FEDERAL SUPPORT FOR CANADIAN BUSINESSES
… The Mining Association of Canada suggested that the Government include a northern-specific fund within Canada’s proposed infrastructure bank. In its view, this fund should be based on the Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority model, which it characterized as highly successful.
… the Canadian Federation of Independent Business indicated that “many smaller companies don’t really know much about [the] TPP.” Similarly, Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters stated that “[t]he vast majority of smaller companies in Canada would have no clue about what the [TPP] is.”
pp21-22 TRADE IN GOODS
… some witnesses from the automobile manufacturing sector, as well as those representing Canada’s supply-managed agricultural sectors, said that these sectors would experience new import competition or would lose domestic market share as a result of the TPP’s tariff and quota provisions. Unifor commented that, “[w]ith elimination of the tariffs and lowering of the [rules of origin] thresholds, our supply jobs and assembly jobs are not only going to be threatened by the TPP players, but they’re also going to be penalized by non-TPP imports from China, from Malaysia, and from other countries around the world that aren’t even a part of the TPP agreement.” Similarly, Dairy Farmers of Canada …
pp22-32 Agriculture and Agri-Food
… the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association estimated that the TPP would allow beef producers to double or nearly triple the value of Canada’s beef exports to Japan. According to the Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association, such an increase in beef exports could create between 5,200 and 5,400 jobs in Canada.
The Canadian Pork Council noted that, according to a study that it commissioned, the TPP’s new market access opportunities would increase the value of Canadian pork producers’ exports by an estimated $300 million, and would create 4,000 new jobs …
Regarding Canada’s beef sector, the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association indicated that, “[w]ithout the TPP or a bilateral agreement with Japan, Canada will likely lose around 80% of the value of our [beef] exports to Japan.” The Canadian Pork Council commented that the Japanese market for Canadian pork would be lost, and that damage to Canada’s pork sector would be “extreme,” if the TPP enters into force without the participation of Canada. Cereals Canada said that “being left out of a ratified TPP agreement could result in a 50% reduction in Canadian wheat exports to the [Asia-Pacific] region,” while the B.C. Seafood Alliance stated that it would be “disastrous” for its members …
According to Chicken Farmers of Canada, the TPP would open the Canadian market to an additional 26.7 million kilograms of annual chicken imports, leading to an estimated loss of 2,200 jobs and a reduction of about $150 million in Canada’s GDP. Similarly, Les Eleveurs de volailles du Quebec said that the TPP would increase import access to the Canadian chicken market from 7.5% of domestic production to 9.6%. …
Dairy Farmers of Canada noted that the TPP would increase import access to Canada’s dairy market by between 3.37% and 3.97% of the country’s annual dairy production …
… the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association explained that, because of the 2015 Japan?Australia Economic Partnership Agreement, Japan’s tariff on Canadian beef is currently higher than its tariffs on Australian beef. It stated that, if the Government does not ratify the TPP, the discrepancy between Japan’s tariff on Canadian beef and its tariffs on Australian beef would widen due to future successive reductions in the latter tariffs under the 2015 agreement.
pp32-38 Manufacturing
… According to a brief submitted by Ford Motor Company of Canada Limited, “the TPP does not deliver any incremental or meaningful new opportunities to increase Canadian produced vehicle exports by reducing tariffs in the markets that represent the overwhelming majority of new vehicle sales because the duty rate for these markets is already 0%.” Similarly, the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association …
… Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association of Canada provided a different point of view, and denied the existence of barriers that limit Japan’s imports of foreign automobiles. According to it, North American automobile manufacturers do not produce many models of small cars, which are popular in Japan. It claimed that approximately 90% of Japanese passenger car sales are “very small cars,” with engines under 2,000 cubic centimeters; in 2014, Detroit-based companies had only 10 models in that market segment.
… for vehicles, the percentage would be 45%. In contrast, the assessment notes that NAFTA requires at least 62.5% of an automobile’s content to originate from the NAFTA region …
… the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association of Canada observed that eight out of every ten vehicles sold in Canada by its members are manufactured in North America, while the remaining two are imported from Japan. It remarked that “the elimination of tariffs into the Canadian marketplace will have little or no impact on the manufacturing base here in Canada.”
pp38-42 TRADE IN SERVICES
… The value of total services trade between Canada and the other TPP countries was $134.0 billion in 2014 … $58.8 billion in Canadian exports to, and $75.2 billion in imports from, those countries … 89.6% of the value of Canadian services exports to the other TPP countries was destined for the United States, while 89.3% of the value of Canadian services imports from those countries originated from the United States.
… some witnesses – including the Business Council of Canada and Scotiabank – said that financial service providers would benefit the most from the TPP. …
… the Canadian Union of Postal Workers pointed out that Chapter 10 of the TPP includes a “detailed annex on ‘Express Delivery Services’ which would impose far more explicit constraints on government authority concerning postal services and the activities of Canada Post than do those in NAFTA or the [WTO’s General Agreement on Trade in Services].” In its view, “[t]hese new rules would not only limit the ability of Canada Post to expand current services such as those of Xpresspost and its subsidiary Purolator, but would threaten its ability to maintain its current business model of integrated express delivery and letter mail services.”
pp45-51 INVESTMENT PROTECTION
pp57-61 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
pp99-105 SUPPLEMENTARY OPINION BY THE OFFICIAL OPPOSITION – CONSERVATIVE PARTY OF CANADA
pp107-113 DISSENTING OPINION – NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF CANADA

Canada and the Trans-Pacific Partnership: Entering a New Era of Strategic Trade Policy (PDF; 09/2013) | Laura Dawson and Stefania Bartucci @ Frazer Institute
ppiii-iv Executive summary
Canada’s trade rules and procedures are already strongly aligned with those of the United States and, as such, implementation of the TPP should not be costly. There has been much speculation as to whether Canada’s participation in the TPP would require us to dismantle our supply management system for dairy, poultry, and eggs. However, with Japan’s entry into the TPP negotiations, the odds for countries wishing to exempt sensitive sectors from TPP disciplines may improve: Japan’s protective policies for its domestic rice sector are well known and unlikely to be dismantled. If its rice protections remain, this will open the door for other members to shield their sensitive industries.
Canada gains from the TPP not only by expanding its economic partnerships but also by playing a significant role in shaping the rules that will govern trade relationships in the twenty-first century. …
pp6-7
Figure 6: Canada’s exports to top five trading partners, 2012 (billions of $CA)
Figure 7: Canada’s exports to top TPP countries, 2012 (billions of $CA)
p10 Figure 8: Overlapping rules of origin: the “noodle bowl” of trade agreements
p11 … Figure 9 shows that countries such as Vietnam, China, Mexico, and Peru still have significant barriers to foreign trade, though Mexico, which has had a comprehensive free trade agreement with the United States and Canada since 1994, has shown consistent improvements in its trade and investment rankings. …
p14 There has been much speculation as to whether Canada’s participation in the TPP will require the dismantling of Canada’s supply management system for dairy, poultry, and eggs. As Canada was negotiating entry into the talks in 2010, messaging from the United States and New Zealand indicated that Canada’s dairy exceptions were keeping it out of the negotiations (see, for example, Inside US Trade, 2010). However, the entry of Japan into the TPP negotiations probably improves the odds for countries wishing to exempt sensitive sectors from TPP disciplines. Japan’s protective policies for its domestic rice sector in the name of food security are well known and unlikely to be dismantled. As a wealthy and attractive market (currently the third largest in the world), Japan may have enough leverage in the negotiations to maintain its agricultural protections in spite of the lofty liberalization goals of the TPP. Thus, if Japanese rice protections remain, others will likely be able to shield sensitive sectors such as US sugar and Canadian dairy.

The New Trans-Pacific Partnership: Smaller, but Just as Ambitious (PDF; 16/03/2018) | Desjardins You can check out the below two pictures: GRAPH 3, 4, and TABLE 2.
GRAPH 3 Share of CPTPP members in Canadian goods export and import categories
TABLE 1 Variation in Canadian exports by 2040 in relation to the base scenario according to various CPTPP scenarios
GRAPH 4 Highest tariffs in the 25 biggest categories of exports to the CPTPP
TABLE 2 Japan, Malaysia and Vietnam would be Canada’s biggest opportunity for saving on tariffs

GRAPH 5 Some products could be especially impacted by the CPTPP

THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP): AN OVERVIEW (PDF; 12/2015) | John M. Curtis @ School of Public Policy, University of Calgary
Economic Impact of Canada’s Participation in the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (PDF; 02/16/2018) | Office of the Chief Economist, Global Affairs Canada
Canadian industries split on new TPP trade deal (PDF; 01/23/2018) | Steven Chase and Greg Keenan @ The Globe and Mail
THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP – WHAT’S IN IT FOR CANADA? (PDF; 2016) | Business Council of Canada
Give and Take – Risks and Opportunities of the Trans-Pacific Partnership for Canada’s Building Trades Unions (PDF; 08/2016) | Dawson Strategic
Gains from Trade but to Whom? – Canola and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (PDF; Fall 2016) | Hawley Campbell and Henry An @ Western Economics Forum
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) (PDF; 07/2015) | CAFTA-ACCA
ACTRA SUBMISSION TO GLOBAL AFFAIRS CANADA ON THE CANADA-PACIFIC TRADE CONSULTATIONS (FORMERLY TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP) (PDF; 10/30/2017)
POLICY BRIEF: The Trans-Pacific Partnership and Health: Potential Risks and Benefits (PDF) | Ronald Labonte & Arne Ruckert @ Globalization and Health Equity, University of Ottawa

Desjardins CanadianGoodsExportImportDesjardins HighestTariffs, BiggestOpportunity

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Canada Vol.38 / Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.4