日本のガラパゴス症候群 Vol.8 (rankings… 各種世界ランキング等)

(All the below are in English.)

標記につき @WSjp_insight にてRTしたもの等を貼っておきます。
ランキング等は客観的とも言い切れず、数や種類も個別に全てを追いかけるには多すぎ、自国のランキング等について一喜一憂しても意味がありません。しかしながら、自国を含め世界各国に関する様々な分析及び対応は常々必要です。
なお、「日本のガラパゴス症候群」という標題でこれまで来ていますが、総じて我が国を否定する趣旨では当然なく、あくまで今後の一層の繁栄のために改善すべき点を常々考えておかねばならないという趣旨です。当然ながら、我が国には素晴らしい面がたくさんあります。

The 10 Safest Countries in the World (06/09/2017) | Ryan Craggs & Lilit Marcus @CNTraveler

The Most Powerful Passport in the World (03/16/2017) | Katherine LaGrave @CNTraveler

Which country has the best reputation in 2017? | @Reputation_Inst

No. 2 ranking on index makes Canada one of world’s best countries (06/28/2016) | DON BUTLER @OttawaCitizen

CANADA’S BEST PLACES TO LIVE 2017 | @MoneySense

Leeds ranked fifth on Lonely Planet’s Best In Europe 2017 list (23/05/2017) | @fperraudin @guardian

How free is the press… | @RSF_en

The USA toppled as world’s most competitive economy (30/05/2016) | @IMD_Bschool

Global Peace Index 2017 | @VisionHumanity

Vienna tops Mercer’s 19th Quality of Living ranking (14/03/2017) | @mercer

The Legatum Prosperity Index™ 2016 | @ProsperityIndex

Sweden officially the ‘goodest’ country in the world, study says (02/06/2016) | @Mal_Siret @Independent

Finland is one of the best countries to live, so why are so many smart young people leaving? (04/07/2017) | @wef

Denmark, Finland and Sweden are the world’s best at clean technology innovation (14/06/2017) | Tom Turula @BINordic
Finland is ranked the world’s 2nd most innovative cleantech country (06/13/2017) | @CleantechFIN

WHAT IS THE GREENEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD? (04/30/2016) | @atlasandboots

2016 @EdelmanPR TRUST BAROMETER

What You Need to Know About Sweden’s Fintech Scene (05/18/2017) | @joeliebkind @TechCoHQ

These are the world’s most creative countries (13/10/2015) | Jenny Soffel @wef

The 31 happiest, richest, healthiest, and safest countries in the world (05/30/2016) | WILL MARTIN @BIAUS

39% Drop in Foreign Students Enrolling in US Universities | @edarabia

Ranking business taxes 2016 | @KPMG

Why Invest in Canada? | @invest_canada

Which countries spend the most on research and development? (09/07/2015) | Paul Muggeridge @wef

cf. 欧州のみ
Best European countries for business 2017 | @eucham

Which Europeans have the longest working lives? (09/05/2017) | Stéphanie Thomson @wef

Denmark is the second most innovative country in the EU (21/06/2017) | @CopenhagenIPA
Netherlands in top 5 of Europe’s most innovative countries (06/20/2017) | Janene Pieters @ NLTimes.nl

UCPH tops the Nordic bill in Nature and Science (25/04/2017) | @uni_copenhagen

U.K. イギリス Vol.11 (Brexit Vol.10: General Election 2017 イギリス解散総選挙 Vol.1 - Manifestos, et al. 政党マニフェスト抜粋等)

(All the below links are in English.)

6月8日(木)投開票予定のイギリス総選挙における与党及び野党第一党マニフェスト抜粋などを取り急ぎ以下貼っておきます。

UK Vol.87 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.16: 2017 General Election – Conservative Party Manifesto) 保守党マニフェスト抜粋

UK Vol.86 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.15: 2017 General Election – Labour Party Manifesto) 労働党マニフェスト抜粋

UK Vol.88 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.17: 2017 General Election – a long-term plan for elderly care and the war on terror) (マニフェストや記事を読んだ限りでは税ではないなど少々名付けられ方とは異なると言え、しかし各種個人費用は元来青天井でもありその話題に正面から突っ込むといずれにしても確かに批判の対象にもなり易いため国民への補助の範囲を広げるにしても選挙後に真剣に取り組むべきであった)『認知症税』 及び (警察官の数が減ったからと言うよりもっと分析的な批判は無いのかと感じざるを得ない)テロ対策 の関連
※ 日本時間6月5日昼時点で政権交代にまで踏み込んだ英語情報はありませんが、EU離脱以外に出てきたこの2つの争点により政権交代の可能性も出てきたと見ております。特に、警察官の数が減ったという事実の指摘は誰でも分かるものなので、選挙報道としては繰り返され易く、内容は無いが威力が強いと言えましょう。

UK Vol.81 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.14 – Theresa May calls for a General Election to be held on June 8th) 解散関連

なお、弊社は選挙予測等を業務としておりませんが、マニフェストや政策に関わる選挙情勢等は一応見ております。
いずれの政党が勝とうとも、何らかの連立政権が誕生しようとも、我が国や我が国企業等とイギリス及びイギリス企業等との関係が即座に変わることはもちろんありません。

ツイッター paper.li Vol.20

All the below links are in English.

弊社ツイッターアカウントの一つ @WSjp_insight のRTによる paper.li 掲載記事4件を貼っておきます。

South Africa | World Solutions

Switzerland’s next act: from business hub to world’s digital labor hub (2/24/2017) | @KPMG_CH

This Danish School Has Installed The World’s Largest Solar Façade (2/2017) | @peter_koekoek @ClimateKIC

Research pops cork on lunar–effect wine theory (2/13/2017) | @LincolnUniNZ

ツイッター paper.li Vol.19

All the below links are in English.

弊社ツイッターアカウントの一つ @WSjp_insight のRTによる paper.li 掲載記事12件を貼っておきます。

Cape Town bursting at the seams (12/19/2014) | @nashhannibal,@rox_henderson @TimesLIVE

Rightsizing the Region: France Redraws its Map (12/9/2014) | @BrookingsInst

Signs of an economic improvement (1/19/2015) | @Bundesbank

Analysis: UK wind generated more electricity than coal in 2016 (1/5/2017)| @DrSimEvans @CarbonBrief

Quebec tables balanced budget; says economic climate remains ‘favourable’ (3/17/2016) | @NickVanPraet @globeandmail

B.C. could lead Canadian economic growth in low-loonie era, economists say (1/15/2016) | @CBC

Economic Outlook 2016: B.C. to fly above resource mire (1/5/2016) | @jenstden @bizinvancouver

Prince Edward Island | @UWaterloo

Economic Development and Tourism | @CornwallHeath @InfoPEI

Saskatchewan to Rebound from Recession in 2016 (12/7/2015) | @Conferenceboard

Strong Saskatchewan economy despite challenges (1/16/2016) | @MJTimesHerald @PressReader

How will low oil prices affect Saskatchewan’s economy? (1/18/2016) | @LeishaCBC,@JSGSPP @CBC

ツイッター paper.li Vol.18

All the below links are in English.

弊社ツイッターアカウントの一つ @WSjp_insight のRTによる paper.li 掲載記事7件を貼っておきます。

Making the case in the neonic debate (4/29/2015) | @arpee_AG @CntryGuide

Why Agrium Inc. Is Poised to Become a Top Canadian Dividend Stock (5/20/2015) | @AdamMancini4 @TheMotleyFoolCA

Albertans raise ‘Kobe’ hogs on hazelnuts and beer mash (5/14/2015) | @arpee_AG @CBC

Denmark cracked ‘secret code’ in water-energy nexus, official claims (1/31/2017) | @FredSimonEU @Euractiv

Leavers complain, but they’ve shared the benefits of cheap EU labour (2/3/2017) | @johnharris1969 @guardian

7 GREAT REASONS TO VISIT DURBUY, BELGIUM (12/1/2014) | @CheeseWeb_eu

cf. Global Power City Index 2016 | Institute for Urban Strategies, Mori Memorial Foundation

Australia-New Zealand Summit Meeting 豪NZ首脳会談

All the below links are in English.

昨年12月に就任したビル・イングリッシュNZ首相と、マルコム・ターンブル豪首相の、NZのクイーンズタウンにおける初会談に係る記事・一部抜粋です。

English, Turnbull singing from the same page (w Video; 2/18/2017) | @tracy_watkins @NZStuff
The pair are still forging a personal relationship, but could be forced together when working out how to deal with the US president.

It was a show of trans-Tasman mateship – and its indirect target was US President Donald Trump. …
Turnbull’s passionate rejection of a retreat into protectionism and “putting up walls” was another indirect dig at the Trump administration turning its back on trade liberalisation. …
The chemistry between Turnbull and English’s predecessor John Key had been a strength in the relationship, and helped push a better deal for Kiwi expats in Oz across the line last year.
Turnbull and Key were similar in their outlook and backgrounds, while Turnbull and English are chalk and cheese – Turnbull the more urbane money man, while English still wears his southern farming roots on his sleeve. …
Speaking with one voice on the TPP is not hard for either country, however; the bigger test of the Anzac spirit will come if the US calls on its traditional allies to commit troops to its fights, like Iraq or Syria. …

Turnbull works on English bromance (2/17/2017) | @SBS
… Given the public “bromance” between Mr English’s predecessor, John Key, and Mr Turnbull the fleeting trip is about reaffirming the strong connection between their two sporting rival countries. …
Both expressed a desire to work together in their push for free trade on the back of the US’ withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
There were no further announcements on pathways to citizenship for Kiwis in Australia but Mr English appreciated the agreement struck last year.
It’s estimated up to 70,000 New Zealanders who arrived between February 2001 and 2016 will be eligible from July 1. …
Mr English also revealed a New Zealand offer to take 150 asylum seekers from Australia still stands despite Mr Turnbull’s deal with the Obama administration.
Industry Minister Arthur Sinodinos and Economic Development Minister Simon Bridges used the trip to sign a science and innovation treaty aimed at collaborating on research to tackle among other challenges, chronic disease. …

Turnbull, English’s plan to tackle ‘The Donald’ (w Video; 2/17/2017) | @PatrickGower @NewshubNZ
… “The only approach is to be frank and forthright, I’m too old to be any different. I suspect Bill’s too old to change too “, Mr Turnbull says. …
The Trump administration is believed to have made a big ask of Australia behind the scenes – more troops for Iraq, meaning New Zealand will likely be hit up too for ‘Troops for Trump’.
“We’ll assess all requests on their merits as we always do,” Mr Turnbull said; Mr English echoing: “I simply couldn’t pre-judge that”.
And the Christchurch fire invoked the Anzac spirit, with Mr Turnbull offering support to help against the Port Hills blaze.
He also paid tribute to Steve Askin, the former SAS member who died when his helicopter crashed fighting the Port Hills fires. …
“The trans-Tasman trade and economic relationship provides an excellent model for deeper economic integration and we continue to build on that foundation as we engage with other partners.”

Turnbull and English meet amid global turmoil (2/17/2017) | @chrisbramwell @radionz
… Labour Party trade spokesperson David Clark said Australia and New Zealand had worked well together traditionally on trade and the two countries should look to leverage that on the world stage.
“Whether that is through the TPP minus USA, which in my view is a face-saving exercise by those who have staked their credibility on getting the TPP through last year, or whether it’s through some alternative trade agreement, we should be looking for opportunities for New Zealand to benefit, so long as those benefits are shared fairly across the population.”
New Zealand International Business Forum executive director Stephen Jacobi said the TPP minus the US was far from dead. …
Green Party co-leader James Shaw, said there were two clear messages Bill English should be giving Malcolm Turnbull.
“First of all, is that New Zealand does not accept the way that Australia has been treating these refugees over the course of the last few years – we agree with the United Nations assessment that they are in inhumane conditions.
“And the second message is that if Australia’s arrangement with the United States falls through, that New Zealand would be willing to take those refugees.” …
cf. NZ’ers in Australia could get easier citizenship path (2/19/2016) | @demelzaleslie @radionz

Trade dominates English, Turnbull talks (2/17/2017) | @NewstalkZB
… Mr English reiterated that New Zealand’s four-year-old offer to take 150 refugees from Australian detention centre on Nauru and Manus Island still stands.
He also praised the Australian government for its significant shift in policy to allow a pathway for up as many as 60,000 New Zealanders living in Australia to become citizens. …
Mr English thanked Australia for its assistance battling the Port Hills fire and in the aftermath of the Kaikoura earthquake…
While Mrs Turnbull asked Defence Force members how the Port Hills fire battle was progressing, Mr Turnbull paid tribute to Steven Askin, the helicopter pilot killed fighting the blaze. …
Mr Turnbull also acknowledged the loss many small communities like Arrowtown had suffered during World War I and the importance of the Australia-New Zealand relationship. …

Malcolm Turnbull’s Aussie-Kiwi bromance with New Zealand Prime Minister Bill English (2/17/2017) | @matt_killoran @newscomauHQ

U.S.-Japan Summit Meetings 日米首脳会談 Vol.5(Abe’s Visit to the U.S. 安倍首相訪米)

All the below links are in English.

標記関連の英語記事及び一部抜粋を以下貼っておきます。

Japan’s Abe Says U.S., Japan Leaders Working On New Economic Dialogue: New discussions could serve as replacement for stalled Trans-Pacific Partnership (2/10/2017) | @damianpaletta & @TokyoWoods @WSJ
… The two leaders agreed that the economic dialogue between their deputies, Messrs. Pence and Aso, will cover three broad areas: coordinating fiscal and monetary policies; infrastructure investments, energy issues and cybersecurity; and bilateral trade, according to a senior official in a briefing with reporters. …
…he had hinted in recent weeks that Tokyo could be open to discussing a bilateral pact with the U.S. if requested by the Trump administration…
… A train that runs on Japan’s magnetic levitation, or maglev, system could travel between Washington and New York in about an hour, Mr. Abe told Mr. Trump, according to the Japanese official. Tokyo has funded an ongoing early-stage study to build the first leg of such a railway system between Washington and Baltimore.

Trump reaffirms U.S.-Japan security alliance in bid to soothe fears in Tokyo (w Videos; 2/10/2017) | @DavidNakamura & @abbydphillip @washingtonpost
… He denounced a sizable U.S. trade deficit to Japan and suggested Japan and South Korea were not paying their share to support American troops based in the region.
But the summit, aggressively pursued by the Japanese, aimed to erase doubts, even as the two sides remain at odds over how to move forward on trade and economic ties.
Trump sought to present the two countries in close harmony over shared challenges on North Korea’s nuclear weapons programs and China’s aggression in the South China Sea — “both of which I consider a very, very high priority,” he said. …
The Japanese leader also pledged that his country would play a “greater role” in defense and security operations, although he was vague on what that might entail. Japan’s Self-Defense Forces are prohibited from combat missions abroad under the constitution imposed on the country by the United States after World War II. …
The summit was being watched closely by U.S. allies and partners across the globe for signs over how Trump would deal with a powerful ally after the unpredictable bluster of his campaign and early weeks of his presidency. …
It was not clear, however, whether Trump understood him; the president failed to attach the earpiece of his translation device until after Abe’s opening statement.

US-Japan alliance top priority as Shinzo Abe and Donald Trump embrace at the White House (w Video; 2/11/2017) | @AAPinLA @smh
“We have a very, very good bond.”
“Very, very good chemistry.” …
Ahead of the meeting, Mr Abe said that hacking, anti-trust laws and mistrust between the world’s largest nations was hindering global trade, and warned of a “threat” to the world economy in a speech to the US Chamber of Commerce. …
…announcing the US would build up its military presence alongside Japan to make their defensive capabilities “impenetrable”. …
…US Defence Secretary James Mattis and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson have already confirmed that the US continues to see the isles as part of its commitment to the alliance…
…the main aim of this meeting is to show clearly to those at home and abroad that the US-Japan alliance is unshakable,” Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Koichi Hagiuda…

Donald Trump shook the Japanese Prime Minister’s hand for 19 seconds (w Video; 2/11/2017) | @brennawilliams @CNN
Diplomacy is an art. …

In Welcoming Shinzo Abe, Trump Affirms U.S. Commitment to Defending Japan (w Video; 2/10/2017) | @juliehdavis & @peterbakernyt @nytimes
… “This administration is committed to bringing those ties even closer. We are committed to the security of Japan and all areas under its administrative control and to further strengthening our very crucial alliance.” …
Speaking without notes later in the news conference, Mr. Trump said he had hit it off with Mr. Abe personally. “We have a very, very good bond — very, very good chemistry,” he said. “I’ll let you know if it changes, but I don’t think it will.” …
Acutely aware of Mr. Trump’s complaints about foreign competitors, Mr. Abe stressed that “Japanese businesses have built factories all over the United States” and invested $150 billion, creating many American jobs. “Japan, with our high level of technical capability, we will be able to contribute to President Trump’s growth strategy,” he said. “There will be even more new jobs being born in the United States.” …
…may have questions in private for Mr. Trump about his provocative statements related to Japan, including his warning to Toyota on Twitter that he would slap a “big border tax” on the carmaker if it built a new plant in Mexico and…
Even so, Mr. Abe’s visit could fuel suspicions in Beijing that Mr. Trump intends to make Japan, rather than China, the focal point of his engagement with Asia. That would be a distinct shift from former President Barack Obama, who hosted Mr. Xi in 2013 for an informal summit meeting at the 200-acre Sunnylands estate in Rancho Mirage, Calif. …
After a working lunch at the White House on Friday, the two leaders planned to board Air Force One and fly to… Mar-a-Lago…

Trump says US committed to Japan security, in change from campaign rhetoric (2/10/2017) | @reuters @CNBC
… A joint U.S.-Japanese statement said the U.S. commitment to defend Japan through nuclear and conventional military capabilities is unwavering.
The statement amounted to a victory for Abe, who came to Washington wanting to develop a sense of trust and friendship with the new U.S. president and send a message that the decades-old alliance is unshakable.
… The statement said the two leaders affirmed that Article 5 of the U.S.-Japan security treaty covered the islands, known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China. …
Abe said he was “fully aware” of Trump’s decision to withdraw from the multilateral trade accord. But he said…
“I am quite optimistic that … good results will be seen from the dialogue,” he said, adding that Japan was looking for a fair, common set of rules for trade in the region. …
The Mar-a-Lago visit will be Trump’s first use of his Florida getaway for diplomatic purposes. …

Trump, Abe news conference – live updates (2/10/2017) | @RebeccaShabad @CBSPolitics

Global Power City Index(世界の都市総合力ランキング)2016 - Institute for Urban Strategies, Mori Memorial Foundation(森記念財団都市戦略研究所)

The below link is in English.

標記 Global Power City Index 2016 | Institute for Urban Strategies, The Mori Memorial Foundation において、東京が3位にランクインしています。
日本発の数少ない指標において日本の代表都市が正々堂々上位ランクインしていることを残しておく意味でも、ご参考まで summary の一部を以下貼らせて頂きます。
GPCI5GPCI6
GPCI7GPCI8GPCI9
GPCI10GPCI11
GPCI12GPCI13
GPCI14GPCI15GPCI16GPCI17

U.S.A. アメリカ Vol.16(Policy Changes Vol.6 ー 政策変更)

All the below links are in English.

以下弊社ページ(全て英語)は、標記につき取り急ぎ関係記事等の一部を抜粋したものです。
各回、複数の分類に入り得る記事があります。
今後も、原則として、弊社英語サイトにて動向を追う等して参ります。

Vol.55(ニクソン政権との比較 Vol.1)

Vol.54(R&D Vol.2)

Vol.53(観光、IT等 Vol.3 - ホテル産業、デジタルディバイド)

Vol.52(その他 Vol.7 - 価値観、国体)

Vol.51(その他 Vol.6 - 論文:格差と民主主義制度の反応性)

Vol.50(インフラ Vol.5 - 水道)

Vol.49(外交 Vol.8)

Vol.48(ヘルスケア Vol.4)

Vol.47(その他 Vol.5 - 論文:政治の機能不全)

Vol.46(雇用 Vol.5 - 貿易、有給休暇、最低賃金、収入)

Vol.45(外交 Vol.7 - 論文:グローバリゼーション)

Vol.44(安全保障 Vol.3 - テロリズム、予算、核、IS)

“The Creation and Destruction of Value” 価値の創造と破壊 Vol.15

(All the below links are in English.)

Vol.15 パワーポリティクスの重要性(第5章-5)

 ユーロの新興国の中央銀行が保有するのに、米国国債の代替としてユーロ建て国債を挙げる考え方もある。しかし、ユーロの先行きも米ドル同様に不透明である。そして、米国金融危機の新興国市場への爆裂により、欧州の銀行の不安定に係る懸念材料が新たに加わった。
 第一に、中欧のEU加盟国及び非加盟国の銀行の為替リスクが非常に高まったために、例えばオーストリアでは同国銀行が周辺国に貸出等している同国GDP比70%相当の2300億ユーロが危険に晒されることとなった。
 第二に、ユーロ地域でのマクロ経済政策の難しさである。1999年の単一通貨・為替レート固定により競争力の違いを為替レートで調整できなくなり、物品生産構造から生じる競争力の違いを助長した。例えば、皮革や繊維などを売り物にするイタリアは、精密機械などを売り物にするドイツよりも、高成長の新興国との競争において脆弱である、などである。
 第三に、マーストリヒト条約締結以来永く論じられてきた財政政策である。EUの予算は加盟国のそれに比較して少なく、各加盟国がそれぞれ拠出している。問題は、伊希葡などは公債比率が高く、財政政策によっても経済危機を免れそうになく、EU全体としては財政政策は無力であることであった。
 第四に、経済情勢下降局面でのケインズ的需要喚起策は1930年代の不況期の知的生産物であったので、あくまで国内を満たす仕様であったことである。財政出動の恩恵が国内から漏れてしまい外国も恩恵に与る時代には、国内経済浮揚策としては無駄が多く魅力に欠けてしまうこととなった。加えて、ケインズ主義は大国には効果的だが、小国には財政出動の負担が大きいため抑制的にかつ国民の自己犠牲的にならざるを得ないという点があった。

あくまで参考
The Euro as a Reserve Currency (PDF; Nov 1997) | Barry Eichengreen @UCBerkeley
Global Imbalances: past, present and future (PDF; 2011) | Marcello de Cecco, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and LUISS @INETeconomics
The euro as a reserve currency: a challenge to the pre-eminence of the US dollar? (PDF; 2009) | Gabriele Galati & Philip Wooldridge @BIS-org
Global Imbalances: The New Economy, the Dark Matter, the Savvy Investor, and the Standard Analysis (PDF; March 2006) | Barry Eichengreen @UCBerkeley
AN ESSAY ON THE REVIVED BRETTON WOODS SYSTEM (PDF; September 2003) | Michael P. Dooley, David Folkerts-Landau, Peter Garber @nberpubs
Regulation and supervisory architecture: Is the EU on the right path? (speech; 2/12/2009) | Lorenzo Bini Smaghi @ECB