U.S.A. アメリカ Vol.3(1st US Presidential Debate 9/26/2016 ー 米国大統領選挙テレビ討論会)

All the below links are in English. Excerpts are on our own.

1960年(参考:1st Kennedy-Nixon debate (YouTube))や1980年には選挙の帰趨を決したとも言われるのが、 Presidential Debate です。標記第1回(於:@HofstraU)の内容に関する記事の抜粋等を取り急ぎ以下貼っておきます。

Trump And Clinton Sounded As If They Were Talking About Two Different Countries | @bencasselman @fivethirtyeight
… U.S. manufacturing employment has been hit by automation as much as by globalization, and most economists think trade with China has had a much bigger impact on the economy than NAFTA. …
… But in recent years, research has found that the negative effects of trade — lost jobs, lower wages — last longer than previously believed. Economists once thought that Rust Belt communities, or at least their residents, would rebound quickly from the loss of factory jobs; that hasn’t happened. …
… On Monday, however, Trump largely abandoned his populist rhetoric on taxes and instead embraced more traditional Republican talking points: Cutting taxes, including on the rich, he argued, will lead them to invest more in companies and create jobs, while lowering and restructuring corporate taxes will encourage businesses to bring back money stashed overseas. Many economists agree that, all else equal, lowering taxes will tend to boost economic growth. But few believe Trump’s plan would deliver as much of an economic boost as he claims. … 
Crime and policing
… The candidates offered different policy approaches: Trump called for more aggressive policing, singling out New York’s abandoning of its “stop-and-frisk” policy under Mayor Bill de Blasio. Trump said the controversial policy worked; Clinton said it discriminated against minority residents. (Holt pointed out that the policy had been ruled unconstitutional by a federal judge; Trump said the ruling would have been reversed if it had been appealed.) Clinton instead called for gun restrictions, including universal background checks (which research has suggested could help reduce gun killings) and broader criminal justice reform, including abandoning mandatory-minimum sentences, which she said “have put too many people away for too long, for doing too little.” …

Presidential fireworks: The verdict | David Ribar @MelbInstUOM, @LaurenRosewarne @unimelb, James Cahill @Government_UoM; @electionwatch_, Election Watch USA
… It was also a surprisingly effective policy battle – though fought using completely different tactics by the two candidates.
Viewers who wanted policy details got heaps of information from Clinton, who offered a comprehensive list of initiatives to grow the American economy, improve outcomes for the country’s middle class, strengthen policing, heal race relations, address the problems of America’s inner cities, counter cyber vulnerabilities, and fight ISIS.

… Trump’s strategy, however, wasn’t to offer policy specifics but rather to discredit Clinton’s and thereby discredit her. In this regard, Trump’s responses were nothing to sniff about – though sniff and sniffle he did. In every segment of the debate Trump emphasised the country’s problems – job losses, rising murder rates, and increasing threats at home and abroad.
Trump followed this litany of woe with effective criticisms of the failure of politicians generally, and of President Barack Obama and Clinton specifically, to address these problems. He repeatedly asked Clinton why she didn’t fix these problems during her long years of service. Trump clearly played to his strengths as an outsider. …
For the first couple of moments, Trump’s tone was under control. Clinton’s was shaky, her sentences over-rehearsed. Initially he accomplished a natural, off-the-cuff persona. She was stiff and awkward. …
… He went so far as to pat himself on the back for not saying “something extremely rough to Hillary”, all the while being unable to resist the siren’s call of fat-shaming ­– apparently the cyber attack on the Democratic National Committee could have been “someone sitting on their bed that weighs 400 pounds,” and, hilariously, the tried and true ‘you-love-it-so-much-why-don’t-you-marry-it’ schoolyard zinger of “the Iran deal that you’re so in love with”. …
… Forced to answer, I’d say Clinton, but this was no knockout. Her performance will likely help her make some progress with her intended audiences – moderate Republicans uncomfortable with Trump and wavering young Democrats. Trump largely stuck to his standard message and it would be unlikely if he won over many voters not already in his camp. …
… Strategically, I don’t think this debate will help Trump move beyond his apparent polling ceiling of roughly 43-44%. The part of the Republican voting coalition that is most resistant to Trump’s candidacy are college-educated, white, married women. Over-reliance on his well-known material and repeatedly interrupting Clinton are not likely to change the minds of many of these voters. …

Damned by Faint Trump | @KoriSchake @ForeignPolicy
– Last night’s debate was nothing to crow about on either side, but Hillary Clinton definitely got the better of her rival.
… But it wasn’t horrible — it had substantive moments — and that’s noteworthy this election cycle. Hillary Clinton lived up to her Saturday Night Live impersonation of shrewdness, came locked and loaded with oppo research on Donald Trump’s taxes, business practices, the name of a woman he demeaned, policy citations … and gave Trump all the rope he demanded to explain himself at length. She did some A+ trolling, chipping his vanity and counting on his inability to restrain himself. It was a successful strategy. Trump landed several solid blows but simply lacked the discipline to drive home the points (for example, on her emails). His insistence on his “temperament” as his best quality was refuted by his performance. …
… I thought she missed the chance to bash Trump about his Russian connections. Her policy recommendations are also pretty weak: declaring we won’t permit states to target our private or government information, and that we have tools we could use and will defend our citizens. She seems innocent of the hostility most tech firms have toward Washington, breezily counting on working with them. …
Trump repeated much nonsense… claiming Iran was “ready to fall” before the nuclear agreement propped the government up, falsely claimed he convinced NATO to start looking at terrorism, weirdly claimed that “all of the things she is talking about could have been taken care of in the past 10 years when she had immense power.”
He revisited his standard complaints about America’s unaffordable alliance relationships, giving Clinton her best moment of the night as she spoke to reassure America’s allies that our country will honor our mutual defense treaties and can be trusted to keep its word. It pretty well defanged his claim that “she’s got experience, but it’s bad experience. And this country can’t afford to have another four years of that kind of experience.” …

Trump, Clinton debate fact-checks (a running collection) | @YLindaQiu @PolitiFact
Here are 33 claims from Clinton and Trump, fact-checked. …(17 claims as below)
Clinton: Trump’s tax plan would deliver “the biggest tax cuts for the top percent of the people in this country.”
Clinton: “He started his business with $14 million, borrowed from his father.”
Trump: “My father gave me a very small loan in 1975, and I built it into a company that’s worth many, many billions of dollars, with some of the greatest assets in the world.”
Clinton: “In fact, Donald was one of the people who rooted for the housing crisis. He said, back in 2006, ‘Gee, I hope it does collapse, because then I can go in and buy some and make some money.’ Well, it did collapse.”
Clinton: “Independent experts have looked at what I’ve proposed and looked at what Donald’s proposed, and basically they’ve said this, that if his tax plan, which would blow up the debt by over $5 trillion.”
Trump: The Obama administration “has doubled” the national debt in eight years.
Trump: “You go to New England, you go to Ohio, Pennsylvania, you go anywhere you want, Secretary Clinton, and you will see devastation where manufacturing is down 30, 40, sometimes 50 percent.”
Trump: “Now, look, we have the worst revival of an economy since the Great Depression.”
Trump: “You will learn more about Donald Trump by going down to the Federal Election Commission” to see the financial disclosure form than by looking at tax returns.
Clinton: “You’ve taken business bankruptcy six times.”
Clinton: “You even at one time suggested that you would try to negotiate down the national debt of the United States.”
Trump: “In Chicago, they’ve had thousands of shootings, thousands since January 1st. Thousands of shootings.”
Clinton: “Donald started his career back in 1973 being sued by the Justice Department for racial discrimination because he would not rent apartments in one of his developments to African-Americans.”
Trump: “I settled that lawsuit with no admission of guilt.”
Clinton: “I was so shocked when Donald publicly invited Putin to hack into Americans. That is just unacceptable.”
Clinton: “He actually advocated for the actions we took in Libya and urged that Gadhafi be taken out, after actually doing some business with him one time.”
Clinton: “John Kerry and President Obama got a deal that put a lid on Iran’s nuclear program without firing a single shot.”

Clinton Prevails in Downer of a Debate | @amyewalter @CookPolitical

Producing “The Choice” – Frontline’s Documentary on the 2016 Presidential Candidates (Soundcloud) | @DukeSanford

Many Young Voters Remain On The Fence After First Debate (w radio) | @asmamk @NPR

Poll: Clinton Leads Trump Ahead of First Debate | @mmurraypolitics(9/21)

Debating the debates | @cpazzanese @Harvard Gazette(9/22)
– Harvard analysts ponder the upcoming presidential clashes, how viewers may react, and how the candidates might snare their votes

Polls: Clinton Running the Table in Key Battlegrounds | @mmurraypolitics(8/12)

New September Electoral College Ratings | @amyewalter @CookPolitical(9/23)

The Race Tightens But the Math Heavily Favors Clinton | @CharlieCookDC @CookPolitical(9/20)

ツイッター paper.li Vol.8

All the below links are in English.

弊社ツイッターアカウントの一つ @WSjp_insight のRTによる paper.li 掲載記事4件を貼っておきます。

National raw materials agreement to foster circular economy by 2050 | @MinInfraEnvirNL

Rising Irish property prices threaten stability, @OECD warns | @IrishTimes @BRegsBlog

3 Unexpected Fish Species Found in the Inland Bays | @DEInlandBays

Sen. President Sweeney calls Christie’s tax deal nix with Pa. ‘horrible’ | @Trentonian

U.K. イギリス Vol.9(Brexit Vol.8: Japan’s Message to UK & EU 日本要望書)

(The below two links are in English, and the last one in Japanese.)

さて、当サイトでも今後、随時、Brexit につき情報をアップして参ります。
本日は、@ChathamHouse 関係の記事 Japan Lays Out a Guide to Brexit (6 September 2016) | Sir David Warren @CHAsiaProg(’日本がイギリスEU離脱の手引きを示す’)本文と抄訳をご紹介します。

– Britain would do well to embrace Tokyo’s constructive criticism as it prepares for life outside the EU.(EU域外での生き方を準備している日本の建設的な批判を、イギリスは包み込んで受け容れてうまくやっていける)

The Japanese government paper on the implications of Brexit released on 2 September has been described in the UK media as an ‘unprecedented’ and ‘dire’ warning, a ‘stark’ threat, and dismissed as ‘doom-mongering’. In reality, it is a carefully-argued and very detailed analysis of the areas of Brexit-related concern to the thousands of Japanese companies in the UK, and those aspects of the current business environment that they want to preserve in the forthcoming negotiations. Setting out the Japanese stall in this way risks annoying British negotiators with the responsibility of finding their way through the minefield of agreeing the terms of Britain’s divorce from Europe. But the Japanese analysis, used constructively, is an important guide to what really matters in ensuring that a post-Brexit UK is not only ‘open for business’, but a country that the world’s major investors want to do business with.
(9月2日に公表されたイギリスEU離脱に係る日本政府の要望書(下記参考英文)は、’前代未聞’で’切迫した’警告であり’正真正銘’の脅しであるとイギリスのメディアでは伝えられており、’恐怖を利用した’と切り捨てられている。しかし、日本の要望書は、イギリスEU離脱に係るイギリス国内の千単位の日本企業にとっての懸念について、また、今後の離脱交渉において日本企業にとって維持されたい現在の企業活動環境について、注意深く議論されまた非常に詳細に分析したものである。… 建設的に使えば、離脱後のイギリスが’企業活動にとって動き易い’のみならず世界の主な投資者が企業活動をしたい国であることを確保するのに真に問題となる事柄についての重要な手引きである。)

The paper is couched in terms of cooperation and partnership. Japanese inward investment into the UK has been one of the major industrial success stories of the last 40 years, with the 1984 decision of Nissan to build its car plant at Sunderland the turning point. The Japanese government and Japanese companies want to preserve this post-Brexit. But that means keeping radical changes to the current environment that might emerge from the Brexit talks to a minimum. Specifically, the Japanese want, among other things, to maintain current tariff rates and customs procedures, access to skills (including from within the EU), the current provision of financial services (50 per cent of the value of British manufactured goods is accounted for by services), the current arrangements for information protection and data exchange, unified intellectual property protection, harmonized standards and regulations, and access to the EU R&D budget and joint programmes. These requests are aimed at EU negotiators as well as at the UK. A 10-page annex goes into even more detail, sector by sector.
(… とりわけ日本が望むのは、関税率、税関手続き、EU域内も含めた人材へのアクセス、金融サービス条項、情報保護及び… →下記参考(日本語PDF3頁等)をご覧ください

The context of these requests is not just concern about Brexit. The paper makes clear that leading the free-trade system remains a responsibility shared by Japan, the UK and the EU. The Japanese government are nervously watching the US presidential election, with Donald Trump openly adopting a protectionist line and Hillary Clinton now opposed to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal; they will also have been concerned at suggestions from European politicians that the US−EU Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) may fail. Hence their statement – echoed by President Obama at the G20 in Hangzhou in his remarks on TTIP – that the priority must be to finalize the EU−Japan Economic Partnership Agreement this year. A post-Brexit UK−EU relationship that erects protectionist walls would, in Japan’s view, be a disaster for everyone.  The arguments in the paper are about preserving the health of the global economy.

And Japan calls for early clarity and transparency on the difficult issues.  The paper argues that uncertainty causes volatility, and warns against the negotiating process producing ‘unpleasant surprises’. This advice may be unwelcome to UK politicians and negotiators who have to work out how to trade off being part of the single market with the need to restrict freedom of movement.   This is a political dilemma that needs to be unravelled slowly; Britain’s economic partners’ need for early clarity runs directly counter to the politics which Prime Minister Theresa May and her cabinet have to manage over the coming months.

The paper observes that ‘Japan respects the will of the British people as demonstrated in the referendum’ and express confidence that ‘the UK and the EU will overcome . . . difficulties and lay the foundations for the creation of a new Europe’. Nonetheless, the menu of requests is challenging and almost certainly impossible to fulfil in its entirety, if, as the prime minister has said, ‘Brexit means Brexit’. But it is a guide to what foreign businesses, attracted to the UK by successive governments with the promise of being inside the single market in an EU member state committed to further trade liberalization, want from the new arrangements. 
(要望書では、’日本はイギリス国民の投票の意思を尊重する’と述べられ、また … にもかかわらず … しかし、これは、外国企業がイギリスの今後の交渉過程において整えてもらいたいことに係る手引きなのである。…)

In that sense, it should also lift the level of current discussion on trade and investment relations away from the zero-sum political arguments during the referendum campaign – ‘being part of Europe’ versus ‘free trade agreements with the rest of the world’.  Japan is saying, very clearly, that it is not an either/or choice. If the UK is to remain one of the world’s largest and most powerful economies – which, however much it is talked down in Britain, it still is – it is going to have to have a relationship with the EU that attracts foreign investors. After all, as the paper also makes clear, they have a choice where to invest. It does not have to be the UK.

Japan’s Message to the United Kingdom and the European Union (PDF)

Crisis Management 危機管理 Vol.2

(The below link is in English.)


今日は、ニュージーランドのクライストチャーチ市経済インフラ状況レポートの最新版 Latest Christchurch Economic Infrastructure Situation Report online (see PDF) | @CDCChristchurch @ChristchurchCC @SCIRT_info (#Chch #CDEM #lgnz #ECan #CHC_Airport #ChorusNZ #ufbnz #OrionNZ…) をごく簡単にご紹介します。2011年カンタベリー地震等による被害からの復旧等が記載されており、PDFの総論 General context(p9-21)、水 Water(p23,30,32,34-39)、交通 Transport(p48-50,52-66)、通信 Communications(p72-76,78-79)、エネルギー Energy(p84,87-89,91-94)に本Christchurch市の、その他のページに広域周辺地域及び国の、現状や政策等が記されています。以下、PDF内の図表をいくつか貼っておきます。

Game Changers

Water Supply Damage
Wastewater Damage

NZ Transport Networks
Road Damage
Roads Significance
Rail Traffic
Lyttleton Port

Enable Networks
Tasman Global

Pet Storage


ツイッター paper.li Vol.2

All the below links are in English.

弊社ツイッターアカウントの一つ @WSjp_insight のRTによるpaper.li掲載記事5件を貼っておきます。

Canada can transition to renewable energy in just a few decades, says Stanford University professor @mzjacobson | @monique_muise

Irish ANZACS database at @UNSW | @IrelandSydney

@CharlieFlanagan addressed the diplomatic corps on Brexit and the Day of Commemoration | @IrelandEmbUSA

Kenny in hot water for backing Scotland – Scottish Tories angry at Irish intervention | @1johnmacdonald; @CormacMcQuinn @KevDoyle_Indo

Vancouver company @SewageSHARC turns sewage into heat | @CanCGChicago; @jackiewattles

Australia オーストラリア Vol.2


1. More Jobs and Growth through Increased Trade and Investment (w PDF) | @LiberalAus は、今月の選挙より前の(イギリスEU離脱投票前でもある)今年5月の、オーストラリアの政権与党たる自由党の、「貿易・投資により雇用・経済成長を」、という政策発表(PDFは本頁と同一内容)です。選挙で勝利し連立政権が続いた場合の今後の政策方針であり、このとおり進めて行かれると考えられます。特筆すべきは、以下のとおり。
・ 今月1日より、年間総売上高1000万ドル未満の中小企業に対して、法人税率を27.5%に引き下げ、順次更に下げていく(PLAN 1:… From 1 July 2016, small businesses will have their corporate tax rate progressively reduced. On 1 July 2016, the tax rate will fall to 27.5 per cent for companies with annual turnover less than $10 million. This 27.5 per cent rate will be gradually extended to all companies, before falling to 27 per cent on 1 July 2024, 26 percent on 1 July 2025, and 25 per cent on 1 July 2026. …)。
・ 輸出手続窓口一本化(PLAN 2:… some businesses require permits or approvals from multiple government departments or agencies before they are able to export. The ‘Single Window’ will substantially reduce red tape and, in doing so, reduce the time and cost associated with Australian exporters doing business. …)。
・ サービス業は、オーストラリアの就業者の80%を占め、GDPの70%を占めるのに、輸出額のうちたった21%である(PLAN 5:… Services businesses employ 80 per cent of the Australian workforce and make up 70 per cent of our GDP, yet only 21 per cent of Australia’s exports are services. …)。
・ この政策に、1,600億ドルの予算を充当する。

2. Foreign Investment in Australia remains strong (w PDF) | Foreign Investment Review Board @Treasury_AU は、今年4月にFIRBから発表された、2014-15年における外国からのオーストラリアへの投資に係る年次レポート(PDF)です。要点(p.xii)は、以下のとおり。以下の表は、Chart 2.1 から Table 2.12 まで(2-1~15)。
・ 投資申込件数が、13-14年は24,102件であったのに対し、14-15年は37,953件と激増した。
・ 総額1,946億ドルの投資申込が14-15年に承認され、13-14年比16.3%増となった。
・ 居住用不動産への投資申込総額が、13-14年には347億ドルであったが、14-15年には608億ドルとなった。また、商業用不動産への投資申込額は362億ドルであった。
・ その他、サービス業では388億ドル、鉱業では267億ドル、製造業では195億ドル、の投資申込があった。
・ アメリカはオーストラリアにとって最大の投資元であり、2014年末において累積総額の23.7%を占めた。中国はオーストラリアにとって2014-15年は最大の投資申込許可国であって466億ドルを計上しているが、累積総額では4.4%で5位である。

3. Trade in services Australia (w PDF) | @dfat @AusUnlimited @ABSStats は、今年2月に外交貿易省から発表された、2014-15年におけるオーストラリアのサービス貿易に係る年次レポート(PDF)です。要点(p.2-3)は、以下のとおり。以下の表は、Table 7 から Table 70 まで(3-1~22)。
・ 2014-15年におけるオーストラリアのサービス貿易総額は、前年比3.8%増の1,339億ドル。2009-10年以来、年平均5.3%で増加し続けている。
・ サービス貿易総額は、全貿易中、2013-14年は19.2%を占めていたが、2014-15年は20.3%と増加した。
・ サービス貿易収支赤字は、2014-15年には、2013-14年の143億ドルから59億ドル減って、84億ドルとなった。
・ サービス輸出額は、前年比9.4%増の628億ドル。2009-10年以来、年平均4.3%で増加し続けている。
・ サービス輸出量は前年比7.6%増、価格は前年比1.7%増。量は、2009-10年以来、年平均2.1%で増加し続けている。
・ サービス輸出額は、全輸出中、2013-14年は17.3%を占めていたが、2014-15年は19.7%と増加した。
・ 付加価値ベースのサービス輸出額は、全サービス輸出中、約40%を占める。
・ サービス輸入額は、前年比0.6%減の712億ドル。尤も、2009-10年以来、年平均増加率は6.1%である。
・ サービス輸入量は前年比5.3%減、価格は前年比4.9%増。 尤も、 量は、2009-10年以来、年平均増加率は3.9%である。
・ サービス輸入額は、全輸出中、2013-14年は21.1%を占めていたが、2014-15年は20.9%と減少した。

4. Australian Election: Malcolm Turnbull Declares Victory for Conservatives – New government faces multiple challenges, including a fractious Senate and slowing economy | @WSJRobTaylor は、今月2日投票の選挙の結果、ようやくなされた現連立政権の勝利宣言などを伝える記事(10日)です。
 日欧の財政赤字より遥かにマシである、(… Collapsing prices for the country’s commodity exports have contributed to a deficit totaling A$85 billion over the next four years. Australia’s debt to gross domestic product ratio—at 37% as of 2015—is far less than that of Europe and Japan, according to the International Monetary Fund, but debt is growing at a pace among the world’s fastest. …)、鉱業ブームの間の豪ドル高により空洞化した工業地域から、給与上昇が遅く世界で最も高い住宅費と闘っている大都市まで、ターンブル首相は有権者の懸念を払拭すべくもがいた(… From industrial towns hollowed out by a strong currency during the mining boom to big cities like Sydney, where people are grappling with slowing wages and some of the world’s costliest housing, he struggled to address voter concerns. …)、などとも触れられています。
 @jillesheppard 氏からは、首相は、24年間続いた経済成長の後の現下の景気悪化に対応するため、経済自身のイデオロギーに沿わない経済政策等の妥協を強いられるであろう等の旨コメントされています(… Mr. Turnbull will be forced to compromise on economic overhauls at the worst possible time, said Jill Sheppard, a political scientist at the Australian National University, with global economic headwinds and a fragile budget environment at home. “My gut feeling is they will have to break packages down into things they think they can achieve, while there is also going to be a lot of horse trading,” Ms. Sheppard said. “Given the vast ideological differences on these crossbenches, Mr. Turnbull is not going to have the luxury of putting together cohesive packages, economic or otherwise.”)
 「Risks to Australia’s Economic Miracle」にインフォグラフ有り。
あくまで参考: 選挙結果(Live Australian election results: track the votes | @guardian


Canada カナダ Vol.2


1. Trudeau, Mexican president stand up for free trade, take shots at Trump-style protectionism | @leeberthiaume @nationalpost では、加墨首脳間でのビザ及び牛肉に係る相互合意につき書かれています。国家の経済成長と国民自身の成功を妨げる内向きの保護主義が忍び寄る昨今それに打ち勝つべく、カナダ側からは今年12月1日までにメキシコ国民のカナダ入国につきビザを不要とする旨、メキシコ側からは今年10月までにカナダ産牛肉に係る全ての制限を撤廃する旨発表しています。(…the Canada-Mexico relationship is “a compelling example that we want to showcase at a time where unfortunately people are prone to turning inwards, which will unfortunately be at the cost of their economic growth and their own success.” To cement the Canada-Mexico relationship, Trudeau announced the Liberal government will lift visa requirements on Mexican travellers by Dec. 1. At the same time, Pena Nieto said Mexico will remove all restrictions on Canadian beef by October. The Harper government introduced the visa requirement in 2009, after thousands of Mexicans flooded Canada’s refugee system…)

2. More than a Pretty Face: Justin Trudeau and the Liberal Vision for Canada | Anna Murphy @BrownBPR では、カナダを政治的・経済的・社会的にプログレッシブ(進歩的)にするというトルドー首相の政策について書かれています(…Trudeau’s success in the federal election showed that his promise to make Canada a more politically, economically, and socially progressive nation was well received…)。
 スタイルのみならず内容があるのか、成果も出せるのかが問われ始めている(…As the Prime Minister now aims to carry out his campaign promises, the people in turn are beginning to ask if…there is substance behind his style… Will popularity translate into product?)。
 予算を見ればビジョンが分かり、その問いへの答えも見える。自由党の当初の計画の変更及びハーパー保守党政権の緊縮財政からの脱却が見て取れる。短期的な予算削減よりも政府による投資の方が経済を強化し長期的に財政を自然均衡させる、という考え方である。(The budget, which offers better insight into Trudeau’s vision for the coming years than the fanfare that has captured the attention of media around the world, begins to answer this question. It reveals a distinctly Liberal plan for Canada and a massive departure from the austerity measures of the Conservative Harper government. It also aims for a drastic increase in spending with only a potential minor tax raise for the middle class. …Trudeau and finance minister Bill Morneau’s departure from their original plan underlines their economic ideology: The idea is that government investment will be better at strengthening the economy and balancing the budget in the long run than short term measures to cut the deficit. …also lead to long-term investments that will balance the budget naturally.)
 また、予算には政治的・社会的な思想も組み込まれている。クリーンテクノロジーへの10億ドル、公共交通や水処理施設のようなインフラへの119億ドルは、経済強化と環境保全に資することが期待される。(Besides deficit spending, Trudeau’s budget combines his economic policies with some of the political and social talking points of his campaign… In general, Trudeau’s budget aims to balance economic strength and environmental protection… The $1 billion investment in clean technology as well as the $11.9 billion investment in infrastructure systems, such as public transit and water treatment plants…)
 更に、5年総額84億ドルを先住民族の教育と福祉に充てている(…Trudeau is hoping to address the failures of the Harper government in advancing the education and welfare of aboriginals by allocating a whopping $8.4 billion over five years for Canada’s indigenous groups.)。
 メディアはトルドー首相の外見や愛嬌に着目し続けるが、それだけでは、アルバータ州・オンタリオ州都市周辺部・ケベック州農村部・トロント市部の保守派やアメリカなど外国のトレンドがトルドー政権のリベラルな思想とは異なり得ることを忘れる危険がある。(…Conservatives in Alberta, the suburbs of Ontario, rural Quebec, and even urban Toronto paint a very different picture of Canada than the Trudeau-inspired portraits of liberal harmony… As the media continues to marvel at Trudeau’s looks and charm, national and international political rhetoric surrounding Canada runs the risk of forgetting both the substantial policy initiatives of the current government as well as the political discord present within the nation that continues to reflect the beliefs of a significant amount of the population… While dissent is not necessarily negative — Canadian discord has not yet translated into deadlock — the political climate in Canada needs to be looked at more soberly. Trudeau’s popularity is enduring, but it should not be considered synonymous with practically unanimous political support.)

3. Justin Trudeau targets billionaires, tech moguls at secretive Sun Valley conference: Annual gathering in Idaho attracts some of the world’s richest business leaders | @CBCNews では、アメリカの投資会社アレン&カンパニーによりアイダホ州サンバレーで7月6日にメディア非公開で開催される(た)、テクノロジーやメディアの大御所が年一回集う会議に、トルドー首相が出席する(した)旨書かれています。

4. Justin Trudeau makes investment pitch to Japan’s automakers: PM in ‘relationship-building mode’ with heads of Honda, Toyota and Subaru | @AndyBlatchford @CBCNews では、トルドー首相が5月24日に東京のカナダ大使公邸でホンダ、トヨタ、スバルの社長や自動車部品製造事業者を招待して、カナダへの更なる投資を呼び掛けた旨書かれています。
 また、カナダがブリティッシュコロンビア州からのLNG輸出の環境保全規制上の許可を出すことを日本が望んでいる旨も書かれています(Abe is also expected to urge Trudeau to move quickly to open up Canadian liquefied natural gas exports to Japan. Japan, the world’s biggest importer of LNG, is hoping Canada will issue necessary environmental permits to allow companies to export it from British Columbia. Monji said LNG is still very important energy source for his country, which makes Canada one of the most promising potential exporters to Japan. He noted that Japanese companies are involved in several LNG projects in Canada.)。

ツイッター paper.li Vol.1

All the below links are in English.

関連アカウントを発掘しつつ政治・行政・経済・経営・技術などの英語情報をネット上で選び取る第一のツールとしてツイッターを活用している弊社としては、RTした記事がcontent curation service たる電子新聞 paper.li で採り上げられ掲載されることは、選んだ記事等が概して有用と判断されていると考えて良い旨の感触を持ちます。

掲載告知が最近来なくなったため漏れもありそうですが、五月下旬から少しずつ使用している @WSjp_insight のRTによるpaper.li掲載記事を、取り急ぎ、以下のとおり貼っておきます。

Creative Matters Inc


Helsinki Airport

Austrade UK

State of New York

Organic Food Maps

イギリス Vol.8(Brexit – UK’s Referendum on EU Membership イギリスEU残留国民投票 Vol.7)

Here is just a part of tweets concerning the Brexit from 24 to early AM 25 June (BST). A kind of rough, limited-time, fixed-point observation – harmless, of course, and hopefully helpful for all the people’s further understanding.

A divided country: how and why Britain voted for Brexit | @Channel4NewsAge groups

Brexit: How The Oldies of Britian Stole The Younger Generation’s Future | @TheAffinityMagAge et al

The areas and demographics where the Brexit vote was won | @guardianVotes area map

Brexit: people voted according to education, income and age | @FT
Edu & age

EU Referendum | @BBCBreaking

‘I’m full of regret’: extraordinary moment Brexit voter changes her mind | @Telegraph

Demographics, markets and migration: charting Brexit | @TheEconomistClasses

What just happened? A Brexit explainer | @wef

Why the polls and social media got Brexit wrong | @Forbes

Brexit Is ‘The 1989 of This Generation’ | @V_of_Europe

The seven stages of Brexit grief, explained | @Independent

‘Brexit is an Eton Wall Game where poorest are put up against the wall and shot’ | @MirrorPolitics

Londoners sign petition for metropolis to stay in EU, Mayor Khan says city must have a say in Brexit negotiations | @AFP

Boris Johnson says Britain will continue to be a great European power | @rtenews

Brexit aftermath – in pictures | @guardian

Sky didn’t fall today, there is no global systemic crisis, but UK & EU both handling nitroglycerin… | @AmbroseEP

Why Brexit was a great idea | @NRO
Force for good or ill

Here’s how the Brexit will actually work | @ndtv

Brexit is terrifying — and no, not because of the economics | @voxdotcom

The seven stages of Brexit grief | @Independent

Opinion: After Brexit it’s clear: to save liberal democracy, politicians will have to reform capitalism | @FT

‘Why upset the apple cart?’ asks a farmer after Brexit | @guardian

Brexit: What we know and what we don’t know | @CBSNews

So the Brexit happened. Now what?  | @vicenews

What does Brexit mean to the world economy? The Economist: It’s grim | @ProPublica

UK votes to leave EU — what this might mean for the markets & your portfolio | @MerrillLynch

Excellent postmortem by @AnthonyBarnett. He had seen it coming! Blimey, it is Brexit! | @yanisvaroufakis

The post-Brexit financial world remains deeply uncertain | @guardian

Sterling v USDollar
Why Brexit is so bad for the economy | @TheAtlantic

Brits are still trying to figure out what Brexit is after voting for it | @ComplexMag

You don’t need to be an expert to understand this Brexit graph. Latest developments here | @BBCBusiness

After Brexit: The System Cannot Hold | @zerohedge

Diplomats from EU’s founding 6 nations are meeting in Berlin to discuss UK’s exit from bloc | @AP

Brexit FAQs: What happens next? | @TheAtlantic

For the latest on the fallout from the Brexit vote, FF our colleagues from @POLITICOEurope | @politico

What will happen now to the real-estate markets in the U.K.? | @WSJ
Housing mkt

Thousands Of British Refugees Make Dangerous Journey Across The Irish | @WhispersNewsLTD

The pro-Brexit message resonated with those who feel left behind | @FT

With Brexit, the British people have … lost a lot of credibility, writes @djrothkopf | @ForeignPolicy

The small but real possibility that Brexit won’t ever happen | @Slate

What impact would Brexit have on the EU? | @wef

‘Clueless?’ UK citizens google ‘What’s EU?’ after Brexit | @RT_com

Will the Brexit vote prompt a second Scottish independence referendum? | @SkyNews

Scotland is likely to seek independence from the UK (again) after the Brexit vote | @CNN

Germany and France struggle to hold EU center as Brexit storm blows | @business

It feels like the beginning of the end”: Germans react to Brexit vote | @dw_business

Domino Effect: Brexit May Trigger Referendums in Italy and Netherlands | @V_of_Europe

Spain and Italy bear brunt of Brexit stress | @fastFT

After Brexit, could there be Grexit? | @AJEnglish

France fears Brexit consequences for EU defense capability | @ReutersWorld

Defence secretary says he has been reassured US-UK security ties ‘will endure’ post-Brexit | @itvnews

Brexit may throw billions of pounds worth of agriculture trade into question

Trade and tourism will suffer most in these 6 EU nations because of Brexit | @business

Sarah Palin Urges the US to Leave the United Nations | @MotherJones

The aftermath of Brexit “is a defining moment for American diplomacy,” @IvoHDaalder tells @JudyWoodruff PBSnews | @NewsHour

The liberal project is increasingly an American one, @benwallacewells writes | @NewYorker

Brexit should be a lesson to the U.S. that angry voters sometimes get their way | @BrookingsInst

After Brexit, what? U.S. secessionists hankering for ‘Texit’ | @Reuters

Want to understand Brexit? Imagine Texas leaving the United States. | @voxdotcom

Brexit Shows Betting Markets Are Not a Silver Bullet for Predicting Elections | @reason

@realDonaldTrump and @SpeakerRyan reacted very differently to Brexit | @politico

What Brexit means for the U.S. presidential election | @TIME

Brexit is like waking up with @realDonaldTrump as president | @ComplexMagLife

Obama responds to Brexit: “…yesterday’s vote raises challenges posed by globalization.” | @Forbes

In Dublin speech, @VP Biden responds to BrexitVote & rise of Trump w/ words of caution on “reactionary politicians” | @CBSEveningNews

Hannity: The British ‘Showed Obama Their Middle Finger’ With Brexit | @DailyCaller

Sharing my take on Brexit vote live on @facebook now | @newtgingrich

British anti-immigration leader says Brexit is Obama’s fault | @thehill

People are figuring out ways to blame Obama for Brexit, because of course they are | @Slate

Brexit creates a lonely new American exceptionalism, @benwallacewells writes | @NewYorker

Why Brexit is likely to be one of the most consequential events for the world since the end of the Cold War | @HarvardBiz

Paul Krugman on Brexit: “Well, that was pretty awesome – and I mean that in the worst way” via @NYTOpinion | @nytimes

“To see Britain reject its neighbors in this way is profoundly depressing.” | @HarvardBiz

Brexit: the world’s most complex divorce is about to begin. Here’s how it might proceed | @FT

How to navigate Brexit volatility | @PIMCO

Here’s what economists and analysts are saying about the Brexit vote via @WSJEcon | @WSJ

How Brexit will affect the global economy: right now, in a little while, and long term | @nytimes

What are the business and financial ramifications of Brexit for the rest of the EU? @FTI_EMEA | @FTI_SC

Why British firms will not rush to judgment on Brexit | @TheEconomist

Banks around the world deploy their Brexit contingency plans. Should you worry? | @TheStreet

Here’s the Brexit memo Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein sent to staff | @businessinsider

@ABC News Special Report: Stock market tumbles in aftermath of Brexit

Japanese auto companies and a Hong Kong tycoon are among those hurt by “Brexit” vote | @WSJ

There is no reason why nations committed to entrepreneurship & free trade can’t prosper outside of the EU | @CatoInstitute

44% of the UK’s exports go to the EU. Now, we don’t know what that trade will look like via @business | @FiveThirtyEight

GOT IT WRONG: Pollsters, Pundits, Historians, Financiers… | @DRUDGE_REPORT

Brexit: One thing is more clear than ever — we must keep demanding that leaders everywhere ActOnClimate | @ClimateReality

How can we make Brexit work for the environment? – Craig Bennett | @guardianeco

Law firms are positioning themselves to make some cash after Brexit via @WSJLawBlog | @WSJ

Credit rating agency Moody’s cuts UK outlook from stable to negative after Brexit | @BBCBreaking

US high yield bond market adjusting to Brexit, with large gaps lower | @Forbes

The Brexit could have wide implications for the U.S. economy | @CNN

4 ways Brexit could hurt the U.S. economy | @CNNMoney

Here’s what Brexit means for American travelers | @TravelLeisure

These trades are the winners and losers from the Brexit vote shock | @business

Japanese companies are getting a surprise bargain out of Brexit | @business

@ABC Special Report: Stock market tumbles; Dow closes down over 600 points after Brexit.

8 things you need to know about Brexit | @CNNMoney

The giant hedge fund that got Brexit right via @WSJMarkets | @WSJ

Alan Greenspan on Brexit | @MarketWatch

Global stocks tumble after Brexit decision | @TIME

The 2nd richest man in the world lost $4.4B overnight due to market response to Brexit | @Forbes

An expert sums up the economic consensus about Brexit | @voxdotcom

Overwhelmed by Brexit? Here are the basics | @nytimes

Three reasons Americans should care about the Brexit | @latimes

What to watch for in the markets after the Brexit shock | @nytimes

Brexit sent stocks sliding around the globe. The S&P 500 closed at 2,037.35 | @markets

BrexitVote: The Dow closed with its largest drop since August 2015 | @Variety

BrexitVote could affect Americans’ 401(k) plans, mortgages, personal businesses, vacation plans | @ABC7

What UK startups make of the shock Brexit vote by @riptari | @TechCrunch

Here’s what Brexit means for the tech industry | @TIME

British tech firms eye relocation after Brexit vote | @guardian

Why British scientists are freaking out about Brexit | @Gizmodo

Brexit big blow to UK science | @guardian
EU research funding

Scientific community worries that Brexit will mean loss of funding, talent, business and collaboration. @sciam | @michikokakutani

Academics are uniting in bewilderment at Brexit | @Independent

Cornwall voted for Brexit, and now wants to keep its EU funding | @anneapplebaum

Brexit is ‘terrible news for TV and film’ | @Independent

They couldn’t keep you in the dark | @BreitbartNews

HBO says Brexit won’t impact production on ‘Game of Thrones’ | @TIME

Arts hit back at Brexit: ‘I feel nothing but rage’ | @guardian

What Brexit means for the fashion industry | @ELLEmagazine

The British passport has lost a lot of its value already | @Independent

Brexit forces British expats to become FRENCH because they’re so scared of being sent home | @DailyMailUK

The 10 best places to emigrate to after Brexit | @Independent

How immigration fueled Brexit | @TheNatlInterest

Pro-Brexit politicians are the dog that caught the car. Now immigration is their problem. | @voxdotcom

How will EU migrant workers be affected by Brexit? Via @AlannaPetroff | @CNNMoney

Scapegoating immigrants for economic suffering is easier than confronting austerity | @thenation

So who are the winners from Brexit? | @guardian

Brexit Created Many Losers, But Some Winners Too | @NPR

Brexit was sold as a victory for the working class. It isn’t. | @thinkprogress

How the pied pipers of Brexit cheated the poor and how they might be stopped – excellent by Matthew Parris | @JasonCowleyNS

Actually, the ones most out of touch were the ones who didn’t see Brexit coming | @IngrahamAngle

Brexit could cause UK charities to lose over $200 million every year | @HuffingtonPost

Celebs on Brexit: “We had a headache, so we shot our foot off. Now we can’t walk, and we still have the headache.” | @Salon

Media stocks tank in US after Brexit vote | @THR

Hozier calls Brexit a “massive betrayal”: “My heart breaks” | @billboard

On the eve of Brexit, Elton John welcomed luminaries into his home for a more hopeful affair | @VanityFair

How Brexit could impact the creative industry | @FastCoDesign

Brexit Meets Monty Python on the New Yorker’s next cover | @FastCompany

27 Brexit tweets guaranteed to make Brits laugh, cry, or probably both | @BuzzFeedUK

30 Brexit tweets: Collection of best memes, jokes, cartoons, gifs on Twitter | @htTweets

How cartoonists around the world are reacting to Brexit | @Independent

Explaining Brexit in the best possible way—with Simpsons memes | @TheAVClub

Martin Rowson on the Brexit vote – cartoon | @guardian

イギリス Vol.6(”Brexit”? – UK’s Referendum on EU Membership イギリスEU残留国民投票 Vol.5)

Here is just a part of articles/videos concerning the Brexit on Twitter through early morning, 20 June (BST).

E.U. Countries Warn Britain on ‘Brexit’: You’ll Pay if You Leave Us | @stevenerlanger

Nobel prize-winning economists warn of long-term damage after Brexit | @GuardianAnushka & @jilltreanor
– ‘Economic arguments are clearly in favour of remaining in the EU’, economics professors write –

Could British EU Exit Be Watershed for Global Economy? | @dgmchugh

City bets on pound to suffer bigger plunge than ‘Black Wednesday’ after Brexit vote | @Pete_Spence & @Tim_Wallace

The Battle of EvermorePeaks & troughs
– It has been a bad-tempered and unenlightening campaign, during which few have changed their minds. But Vote Leave now has an edge –

French ambassador urges UK to help shape a ‘reformed Europe’ | @philipstephens
– Sylvie Bermann defends the EU and says the two nations are ‘real allies’ that should collaborate on what is a ‘work in progress’ –

Asia stocks gain as Brexit fears ebb slightly, safe-havens retreat | Shinichi Saoshiro

New York Times Tries to Pin ‘Violence’ on Brexit Campaign | @JamesDelingpole

What’s working with supporters of the leave and remain camps? | @Usherwood

Brexit is being driven by English nationalism. And it will end in self-rule | @fotoole
– The EU referendum could lead to the creation of a new nation state –

Brussels slaps down British threats to rewrite immigration rules | @tobyhelm
– President of European parliament says UK has ‘no chance of curbing basic principle of free movement’ –

Schaeuble Says EU Set to Avoid Chaos If Britons Vote for Exit | @bjennen1

Will Brexit bring UK property doom or years of future boom? | @ed_mead & Paul Smith @haart_uk
– Two estate agents give contrasting views on what leaving the EU could mean for house prices and international investment –

Brexit Alarms Propel Gold Investors to Near Record Rally Wagers | @luzi_ann

Brexit Edinburgh includes the BNP | @bellacaledonia

Could Brexit Lead To New Scottish Referendum? | @jamesmatthewsky

EU Referendum: Swansea people are searching for leave more than stay on Google | @readmybook

After Brexit: Roadmap for a leap in the dark | @macdonaldrtr

EU referendum: Which papers are backing Brexit and Remain? | @GavinCordon
– The Mail on Sunday and The Observer backed Remain while The Sunday Times and The Sunday Telegraph backed Leave –


What would British business be like after Brexit? | @phillipinman

Welcome to the Fantasy Island of Little England | @emile_simpson

Brexit Could Set Off Frightening Chain Reaction In EU | @schrieberg

Central banks ready to intervene in case of Brexit: ECB’s Visco | @Islabin @AndrewHeavens

Fear, Loathing and Brexit | @paulkrugman

The financial markets aren’t afraid of Brexit – they are afraid of the incompetence of global leadership | Hamish McRae

Britain will become an isolated trading post ‘with the significance of GUERNSEY’ if we vote for Brexit says French minister | @petereallen

In Gibraltar, Brexit Vote Stirs Fears of a Rocky Road: Residents and workers worry a U.K. exit from the EU could complicate their access to the European market | @JENeumann

Brexit: UK should remain
– The result of next week’s crucial UK referendum on whether or not to remain in the European Union will have worldwide repercussions. –

Central banks mull dollar liquidity injection as Brexit looms | Anirudh Sethi

The Brexit debate has exposed the Establishment | Brendan O’Neill

Military chief switches sides to back Brexit against EU ‘army’ | @AnnabelPHoward
– Field Marshal Lord Guthrie says he was wrong to back Remain and now believes leaving would be ‘better’ for British defence –

Consequences of Brexit sink in for US politicians after killing of MP | @RobertsDan & @Bencjacobs
– The death of UK member of parliament sent a shock through Washington as the EU referendum vote could affect foreign policy and international relations –

@jimcramer’s game plan: Brexit won’t cause chaos many expect

IMF: Brexit May Not Mean A British Recession| @EdConwaySkyIMF





Brexit – The Strategic Implications [Video: PanelDiscussion] | Professor Sir @LawDavF, Emeritus Professor of @warstudies; Professor @FHeisbourg, Chairman of the Council, @IISS_org; @NigelInkster, Director of Future Conflict and Cyber Security, @IISS_org

@Erik_Jones_SAIS: Calling an EU referendum was a bad idea; voting to leave would be worse | @IISS_org

Brexit and the Law of Unintended Consequences [with PDF] | @LawDavF @IISS_org


If you think the UK will be in control after Brexit, dream on | Andrew Graham
– It’s a fantasy that the EU will trade with us on our terms. Only by remaining will we have any clout –

Brexit: Norway’s Prime Minister Erna Solberg warns Britons ‘won’t like’ life outside EU | @ashcowburn
– ‘Brussels will decide without the Brits being able to participate in the decision-making’ –

EU referendum: Dutch newspaper writes open letter in response to The Sun backing Brexit | @histubbs
– ‘We not only love you, we need you’ –

Europeans are scooping up gold on Brexit fears | Frank Holmes

Japanese yen pushed higher by Fed safe-haven flows amid Brexit fears | @LeslieShaffer1

What brexit could mean for the creative industries | @sabrinashim
– With the deadline to register to have a say in the future of the UK in Europe fast approaching, it’s time to take stock of what we could lose by leaving the EU. –

America’s gun laws and our rush to Brexit are symptoms of fearful nations | @gabyhinsliff
– Politicians on both sides of the Atlantic make a mistake by pandering to fear instead of defusing it. It can lead to bad decisions –

NEW BREXIT POLLS: Leave has surged to BIG LEADS in hugely important surveys | @adampayne26











Brexit would be a ‘lose lose’ for everyone, warns German politician | @Colmkelpie

North of England has most to lose from Brexit, says ‘In’ campaign | @kyliemaclellan

Want to know the reality of employment law after Brexit? Just look at this document the government buried four years ago | @hannahfearn
– If we leave the EU, the Conservatives have a blueprint for scrapping workers’ rights –

What would Brexit mean for the City of London? [with Video] | Patrick Jenkins
– UK exit from the EU would have big consequences for international banks –

Brexit and the UK’s geopolitical destiny [with Video “Head to Head – Brexit: Au revoir Europe?” (interview with Lord Norman Lamont, 48:49)] | @E_Karagiannis
– The future of the UK is tied, for better or worse, to the rest of Europe if only for reasons of proximity. –

How to keep your EU citizenship after Brexit: British nationals are set to lose out, but there are some workarounds | @joncstone 

Brexit would help us control immigration. Like me, many Labour voters want out | @frankfieldteam
– There’s a dangerous gap between Labour supporters and the parliamentary party on this issue. Europe isn’t working for workers any more –

Rethinking sovereignty: why “taking back control” is an empty slogan | @RobinNiblett
– “Let’s take back control” is an empty slogan unless doing so improves prospects for British citizens. –

Brexit would help UK manufacturing survive in a global market | @DrGerardLyons
– The challenge posed by low-cost producers such as China will continue, whatever the EU referendum outcome –

Brexit fears wipe £100bn off FTSE 100 in four days – business live | @graemewearden

Brexit fears drive German bond yields to below zero | @SP_Morgan

Stocks Slide With Pound Amid Brexit Risk as Sovereign Bonds Jump | @inyhwang & @JoeCiolli

Axa CEO Warns There’s an ‘Extremely High’ Probability of Brexit | @FabioWire

‘Anglophile’ Rutte Says Brexit Won’t Happen as Voters See Sense | @corinaruhe & @ACBerlin

BREX-ITCH: Dutch Activists Cruise Into UK To Help Farage Campaign For Brexit | @RaheemKassam @BreitbartLondon

Holland BACKS Brexit: Dutch people urge Britons to QUIT doomed bloc and lead EU revolution | @parfitt_tom @Daily_Express
– THE vast majority of Dutch people want Britain to quit the European Union in this month’s historic in/out referendum, according to a new poll –

Chance Of A Lifetime To Beat The Neoliberals | Doug Nicholls

Four union leaders argue Brexit is the only option in the interests of workers | MICK CASH, @MickWhelanASLEF, @Ronniebfawu, Doug Nicholls

Remain and Renegotiate! How to stop the Brexit bandwagon: Labour needs an urgent new offer on EU migration | @paulmasonnews @Medium

Global stocks fall, Bund yields go negative on Brexit fears | Herbert Lash

Don’t Be Too Pessimistic About Brexit | @jimcramer @RhondaSchaffler @TheStreet

Huge hit...scaremongering...The TimesFT

Brexit: Facts Not Fear | @toadmeister @SpecCoffeeHouse @spectator_ch

Brexit chances surge: live chart of bookmakers’ odds | John O’Neill @SpecCoffeeHouse @spectator_ch

EU Referendum: Turnout odds may have surged too far | @LeightonVW

Bookies Are Still Pretty Sure Brexit Isn’t Going to Happen | @DaraDoy

Brexit Countdown: 8 days to go | @henrymance
– Sour note for concert, warning on Leave pledges, and the ‘neverendum’? –

European integration with or without Britain | @Kemal_Dervis

EU referendum – when to buy your holiday money | Larry Elliott

Trumping the Brexiteers | @johnmcternan
– Britain does not ‘need’ Europe, but Europe needs Britain; the UK should have pride in its place in the EU. –